In this Book

Monolingualism-the idea that having just one language is the norm is only a recent invention, dating to late-eighteenth-century Europe. Yet it has become a dominant, if overlooked, structuring principle of modernity. According to this monolingual paradigm, individuals are imagined to be able to think and feel properly only in one language, while multiple languages are seen as a threat to the cohesion of individuals and communities, institutions and disciplines. As a result of this view, writing in anything but one's "mother tongue" has come to be seen as an aberration.Beyond the Mother Tongue demonstrates the impact of this monolingual paradigm on literature and culture but also charts incipient moves beyond it. Because newer multilingual forms and practices exist in tension with the paradigm, which alternately obscures, pathologizes, or exoticizes them, this book argues that they can best be understood as "postmonolingual" that is, as marked by the continuing force of monolingualism.Focused on canonical and minority writers working in German in the twentieth century, Beyond the Mother Tongue examines distinct forms of multilingualism, such as writing in one socially unsanctioned "mother tongue" about another language (Franz Kafka); mobilizing words of foreign derivation as part of a multilingual constellation within one language (Theodor W. Adorno); producing an oeuvre in two separate languages simultaneously (Yoko Tawada); writing by literally translating from the "mother tongue" into another language (Emine Sevgi Ozdamar); and mixing different languages, codes, and registers within one text (Feridun Zaimoglu). Through these analyses, Beyond the Mother Tongue suggests that the dimensions of gender, kinship, and affect encoded in the "mother tongue" are crucial to the persistence of monolingualism and the challenge of multilingualism

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. p. 1
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  1. Title Page and Copyirght
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  1. contents
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-xi
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  1. Introduction Beyond the Mother Tongue?: Multilingual Practices and the Monolingual Paradigm
  2. pp. 1-29
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  1. Chapter One The Uncanny Mother Tongue: Monolingualism and Jewishness in Franz Kafka
  2. pp. 30-66
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  1. chapter twoThe Foreign in theMother TongueWords of Foreign Derivation and Utopia in Theodor W. Adorno
  2. pp. 79-120
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  1. chapter threeDetaching from theMother TongueBilingualism and Liberationin Yoko Tawada
  2. pp. 121-154
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  1. chapter fourSurviving the Mother TongueLiteral Translation and Traumain Emine Sevgi Özdamar
  2. pp. 155-180
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  1. chapter fiveInventing a Motherless TongueMixed Language and Masculinity in Feridun Zaimoğlu
  2. pp. 181-214
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  1. conclusionToward a Multilingual Paradigm?The Disaggregated Mother Tongue
  2. pp. 215-224
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  1. notes
  2. pp. 225-270
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  1. works cited
  2. pp. 271-296
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  1. index
  2. pp. 297-304
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