In this Book

Lincoln on Democracy
summary
Back in print after ten years, this unique book brings together 141 speeches, speech excerpts, letters, fragments, and other writings by Lincoln on the theme of democracy. Selected by leading historians, the writings include such standards as the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address, but also such little-seen writings as a letter assuring a general that the President felt safe-drafted just three days before Lincoln's assassination. In this richly annotated anthology, the writings are grouped thematically into seven sections that cover politics, slavery, the union, democracy, liberty, the nation divided, and the American Dream. The introductions are by well-known historians: Gabor Borritt, William E. Gienapp, Charles B. Strozier, Richard Nelson Current, James M. McPherson, Mark E. Neely, Jr., and Hans L. Trefousse. In addition, each section's title page displays a photograph of Lincoln from the time period covered in that section, with a paragraph describing the source and the occasion for which the photograph was made.

Table of Contents

  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. ix-xxii
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  1. Preface to the Fordham University Press Edition
  2. pp. xxiii-xxvi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xxvii-xxxii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. xxxiii-xliv
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  1. A Note on the Lincoln Texts . ..
  2. pp. xlv-xlviii
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  1. "Not Much of Me": Lincoln's ''Autobiography,'' Age 50
  2. pp. xlix-lii
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  1. I. "The People's Business": Lincoln and the American Dream
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 3-8
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  1. "No Wealthy... Relations to Recommend Me": From a Message to the People of Sangamo County
  2. pp. 9-10
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  1. "I Shall Be Governed By Their Will": Announcement in the Sangamo Journal
  2. pp. 11-12
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  1. "The People Know Their Rights": From a Speech to the Illinois Legislature
  2. pp. 12-13
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  1. "Injustice and Bad Policy": Protest in the Illinois Legislature on Slavery
  2. pp. 13-14
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  1. "The Political Religion of the Nation": Address Before the Young Men's Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois
  2. pp. 15-23
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  1. "The Wealthy Can Not Justly Complain": Letter to William S. Wait
  2. pp. 24-25
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  1. "Many Free Countries Have Lost Their Liberty": From a Speech on the Subtreasury, Springfield, Illinois
  2. pp. 25-26
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  1. "'God Tempers the Wind'": From a Letter to Mary Speed
  2. pp. 26-28
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  1. "The Sorrow Quenching Draughts of Perfect Liberty": From an Address Before Springfield's Washington Temperance Society
  2. pp. 28-29
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  1. "By the Fruit the Tree is to be Known": Letter to Williamson Durley
  2. pp. 30-32
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  1. "Useless Labour Is... The Same as Idleness": Fragments on Labor and the Tariff Issue
  2. pp. 32-33
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  1. ‘‘The Right to Rise Up’’: From a Speech in the U.S. House of Representatives on the Mexican War
  2. pp. 34-36
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  1. ‘‘No One Man Should Hold the Power’’: Letter to William H. Herndon
  2. pp. 36-37
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  1. "There Are Few Things Wholly Evil, or Wholly Good": From a Speech in the u.s. House of Representatives on Internal Improvements
  2. pp. 38-39
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  1. "Leaving the People's Business in Their Hands": From a Speech in the u.s. House of Representatives on the Presidential Question
  2. pp. 40-41
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  1. "Go to Work, 'Tooth and Nails'": Letter to His Stepbrother
  2. pp. 41-42
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  1. "Valuable to His Adopted Country": Resolution and Letter on Napoleon Koscialowski
  2. pp. 43-44
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  1. "Resolve to be Honest": Notes for a Law Lecture
  2. pp. 44-46
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  1. "The Presidency... Is No Bed of Roses": From a Eulogy of Zachary Taylor, Chicago, Illinois
  2. pp. 46-48
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  1. "Principles Held Dear": Resolutions Supporting Hungarian Freedom, Springfield, Illinois
  2. pp. 49-50
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  1. "A Deep Devotion to the Cause of Human Liberty": From a Eulogy of Henry Clay, Springfield, Illinois
  2. pp. 51-52
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  1. II. "All We Have Ever Held Sacred": Lincoln and Slavery
  2. pp. 53-54
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 55-62
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  1. "We Proposed to Give All A Chance": Fragments on Slavery
  2. pp. 62-63
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  1. "To Do for the People What Needs to Be Done": Fragments on Government
  2. pp. 63-65
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  1. "OUR REPUBLICAN ROBE Is SOILED"
  2. pp. 65-144
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  1. "No PEACEFUL EXTINCTION OFSLA VERY IN PROSPECT"
  2. pp. 145-146
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  1. "I AM NOT A KNOW-NOTHING"
  2. pp. 147-150
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  1. "THIS GREAT PRINCIPLE OF EQUALITY"
  2. pp. 151-153
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  1. "FREE SOCIETY Is NOT ... A FAILURE"
  2. pp. 154-156
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  1. "A STANDARD MAXIMFOR FREE SOCIETY"
  2. pp. 157-161
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  1. "NOT BLOODY BULLETS,BUT PEACEFUL BALLOTS"
  2. pp. 162-164
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  1. III
  2. pp. 165-166
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 167-174
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  1. "GOVERNMENT CANNOT ENDURE.HALF SLA VE AND HALF FREE"
  2. pp. 175-183
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  1. "THE ELECTRIC CORD INTHAT DECLARATION"
  2. pp. 184-188
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  1. "FIGHT THIS BATTLE UPON PRINCIPLE"
  2. pp. 189-191
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  1. "THIS EXPRESSES MyIDEA OF DEMOCRACY"
  2. pp. 192-192
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  1. "RETURN TO THE FOUNTAIN"
  2. pp. 192-194
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  1. "I CLAIM No ... EXEMPTION FROMPERSONAL AMBITION"
  2. pp. 195-197
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  1. "THE MORAL LIGHTS AROUND US"
  2. pp. 198-200
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  1. "OUR RELIANCE Is IN THELOVE OF LIBERTY"
  2. pp. 201-202
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  1. "NEVER HAVE HAD ABLACK WOMAN FOR EITHERA SLAVE OR A WIFE"
  2. pp. 203-205
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  1. "GIVE TO HIM THAT Is NEEDY"
  2. pp. 206-207
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  1. " 'HE TREMBLED FOR HIS COUNTRY' "
  2. pp. 208-210
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  1. "THE ETERNAL STRUGGLE"
  2. pp. 211-213
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  1. "THE FIGHT MUST Go ON"
  2. pp. 214-216
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  1. IV
  2. pp. 217-218
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 219-226
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  1. "SOLE HOPE OF THE FUTURE"
  2. pp. 227-232
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  1. "HE WHO WOULD BE No SLAVE,MUST CONSENT TO HAVE No SLAVE"
  2. pp. 233-234
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  1. "AIM AT THE ELEVATION OF MEN"
  2. pp. 235-236
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  1. "THE MORAL LIGHTS AROUND US"
  2. pp. 237-239
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  1. "EQUALITY . .. BEATS INEQUALITY"
  2. pp. 240-241
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  1. "FREE LABOR ... GIVES HOPE TO ALL"
  2. pp. 242-245
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  1. "LET Us STAND BY OUR DUTY"
  2. pp. 246-256
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  1. "THE LABORER CAN STRIKEIF HE WANTS To"
  2. pp. 257-258
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  1. "ALLOW THE HUMBLEST MANAN EQUAL CHANCE"
  2. pp. 259-260
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  1. "I ACCEPT THE NOMINATION"
  2. pp. 261-262
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  1. "WORK, WORK, WORK,Is THE MAIN THING"
  2. pp. 263-263
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  1. "I REJOICE WITH You IN THE SUCCESS"
  2. pp. 264-264
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  1. "THE TUG HAS TO COME"
  2. pp. 265-265
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  1. V
  2. pp. 266-267
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 268-272
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  1. "THE PRINCIPLE THATCLEARS THE PATH FOR ALL"
  2. pp. 273-273
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  1. "IF WE SURRENDER,IT Is THE END OF US"
  2. pp. 274-274
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  1. "WITH A TASK BEFORE ME"
  2. pp. 275-275
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  1. "LIBERTY, FOR YOURSELVES,AND NOT FOR ME"
  2. pp. 276-277
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  1. "THERE Is BUT LITTLE HARM I CAN Do"
  2. pp. 278-278
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  1. "GIVE THE GREATEST GOODTO THE GREATEST NUMBER"
  2. pp. 279-280
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  1. "THE MAJORITY SHALL RULE"
  2. pp. 281-282
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  1. "THE SHIP CAN BE SAVED,WITH THE CARGO"
  2. pp. 283-284
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  1. "IN ACCORDANCE WITHTHE ORIGINAL IDEA"
  2. pp. 285-286
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  1. "I WOULD RATHER BE ASSASSINATED"
  2. pp. 287-288
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  1. "PLAIN As A TURNPIKE ROAD"
  2. pp. 289-290
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  1. "THE MOMENTOUS ISSUE OFCIVIL WAR"
  2. pp. 291-299
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  1. "I HOPE WE HAVE A GOVERNMENTAND A PRESIDENT"
  2. pp. 300-301
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  1. "THE PERPETUITY OFPOPULAR GOVERNMENT"
  2. pp. 302-303
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  1. "WE CAN NOT PERMANENTLYPREVENT THEIR ACTION"
  2. pp. 304-305
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  1. "SUSPEND THE WRITOF HABEAS CORPUS"
  2. pp. 306-306
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  1. "THE CENTRAL IDEAPERVADING THIS STRUGGLE"
  2. pp. 307-307
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  1. "A POLISH GENTLEMAN . ..HIGHLY RECOMMENDED"
  2. pp. 308-308
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  1. "THIS Is ... A PEOPLE'S CONTEST"
  2. pp. 309-317
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  1. "ALLOW No MAN TO BE SHOT"
  2. pp. 318-319
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  1. "I CANNOT ASSUMETHIS RECKLESS POSITION"
  2. pp. 320-322
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  1. "WANTING TO WORK Is So RARE"
  2. pp. 323-324
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  1. "THE CAPACITY OF MANFOR SELF-GOVERNMENT"
  2. pp. 325-326
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  1. "THE STRUGGLE OF TODAY ...FOR A VAST FUTURE ALSO"
  2. pp. 327-330
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  1. VI
  2. pp. 331-332
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 333-339
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  1. "THE PRINCIPLE OF THEEQUAL RIGHTS OF MEN"
  2. pp. 340-341
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  1. "GRADUAL ... EMANCIPATION, Is BETTERFOR ALL"
  2. pp. 342-344
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  1. "GOVERNMENT W AS SAVEDFROM OVERTHROW"
  2. pp. 345-346
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  1. "OUR COMMON COUNTRYIs IN GREAT PERIL"
  2. pp. 347-349
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  1. "A FIT AND NECESSARYMILITARY MEASURE"
  2. pp. 350-352
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  1. "Y OUR RACE ARE SUFFERING"
  2. pp. 353-354
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  1. "My PARAMOUNT OBJECT INTHIS STRUGGLE"
  2. pp. 355-356
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  1. "GOD WILLS THIS CONTEST"
  2. pp. 357-358
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  1. "THE TIME HAS COME Now"
  2. pp. 359-360
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  1. "THENCEFORWARD, AND FOREVER FREE"
  2. pp. 361-364
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  1. "To SUPPRESS THE INSURRECTION"
  2. pp. 365-366
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  1. "BREATH ALONE KILLS No REBELS"
  2. pp. 367-367
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  1. "A FIERY TRIAL"
  2. pp. 368-368
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  1. "WE CANNOT ESCAPE HISTORY"
  2. pp. 369-374
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  1. "THE PROMISE MUST Now BE KEPT"
  2. pp. 375-376
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  1. "SINCERELY BELIEVED TO BE ...AN ACT OF JUSTICE"
  2. pp. 377-379
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  1. "AN INSTANCE OFSUBLIME CHRISTIAN HEROISM"
  2. pp. 380-381
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  1. "I WILL RISK THE DICTATORSHIP"
  2. pp. 382-383
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  1. "RESIST . .. SUCH RECOGNITION"
  2. pp. 384-384
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  1. "PUBLIC SAFETY DOES REQUIRETHE SUSPENSION"
  2. pp. 385-389
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  1. "THE DECISION Is TO BE MADE"
  2. pp. 390-390
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  1. "How LONG AGO Is IT?EIGHTYODD YEARS"
  2. pp. 391-392
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  1. "My 'PUBLIC-OPINION BATHS' "
  2. pp. 393-394
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  1. "THOSE WHO SHALL HAVE TASTEDACTUAL FREEDOM... CAN NEVER BE SLAVES"
  2. pp. 395-396
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  1. "BETTER PREPARED FOR THE NEW"
  2. pp. 397-399
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  1. "You SAY You WILL NOTFIGHT TO FREE NEGROES"
  2. pp. 400-404
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  1. "THE BOUNDLESS FIELDOF ABSOLUTISM?"
  2. pp. 405-406
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  1. "HAS THE MANHOODOF OUR RACE RUN OUT?"
  2. pp. 407-410
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  1. "I Do NOT INTEND TO BE A TYRANT"
  2. pp. 411-413
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  1. VII
  2. pp. 414-415
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 416-421
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  1. "NEW BIRTH OF FREEDOM"
  2. pp. 422-423
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  1. "You WILL NOT FIND THATTO BE AN OBSTACLE"
  2. pp. 424-425
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  1. "THE NEW RECKONING"
  2. pp. 426-428
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  1. "I HAVE NEVER INTERFERED ...IN ANY CHURCH"
  2. pp. 429-430
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  1. "COMMON LOOKING PEOPLE ARETHE BEST IN THE WORLD"
  2. pp. 431-432
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  1. "UNIVERSAL AMNESTY ... WITHUNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE"
  2. pp. 433-433
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  1. "KEEP THE JEWEL OF LIBERTY"
  2. pp. 434-434
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  1. "LET NOT HIM WHO Is HOUSELESSPULL DOWN THE HOUSE OF ANOTHER"
  2. pp. 435-435
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  1. "NEVER KNEW A MAN WHOWISHED TO BE ... A SLAVE"
  2. pp. 436-436
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  1. "IF SLAVERY Is NOT WRONG,NOTHING Is WRONG"
  2. pp. 436-438
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  1. "THE LIMB MUST BE SACRIFICED"
  2. pp. 439-440
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  1. "A GOOD DEFINITION OFTHE WORD LIBERTY"
  2. pp. 441-442
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  1. "So THAT THEY CAN HAVE THE BENEFIT"
  2. pp. 443-443
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  1. "MAY I HAVE TO ANSWERFOR ROBBING No MAN"
  2. pp. 444-444
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  1. "A FITTING, ANDNECESSARY CONCLUSION"
  2. pp. 445-446
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  1. "THE PEOPLE'S BUSINESS"
  2. pp. 447-447
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  1. "I SHOULD DESERVE TO BE DAMNED"
  2. pp. 447-448
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  1. "KINDLY PAYING ATTENTION"
  2. pp. 449-449
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  1. "ANY ONE OF YOUR CHILDRENMAY LOOK TO COME HERE"
  2. pp. 450-450
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  1. "My DUTY TO ... CO-OPERATE"
  2. pp. 451-451
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  1. "THE PURPOSES OF THE ALMIGHTYARE PERFECT"
  2. pp. 452-453
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  1. "STRUGGLING TO MAINTAIN GOVERNMENT,NOT TO OVERTHROW IT"
  2. pp. 454-455
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  1. "DISCHARGE HIM AT ONCE"
  2. pp. 456-457
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  1. "THE ELECTION W AS A NECESSITY"
  2. pp. 458-459
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  1. "NOT THE SORT OF RELIGION UPONWHICH PEOPLE CAN GET TO HEAVEN"
  2. pp. 460-460
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  1. "THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE"
  2. pp. 461-462
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  1. "NEITHER SLAVERY NORINVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE ... SHALL EXIST"
  2. pp. 463-464
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  1. "A KING'S CURE FOR ALL THE EVILS"
  2. pp. 465-466
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  1. "WITH MALICE TOWARD NONE"
  2. pp. 467-469
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  1. "I HAVE ALWAYS THOUGHT THATALL MEN SHOULD BE FREE"
  2. pp. 470-471
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  1. "A RIGHTEOUS AND SPEEDY PEACE"
  2. pp. 472-477
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  1. "A UNION OF HEARTS AND HANDS"
  2. pp. 478-479
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  1. Afterword
  2. pp. 480-483
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  1. Lincoln, the Nation, andthe World: A Chronology
  2. pp. 484-486
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  1. Chronology
  2. pp. 487-519
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 520-523
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  1. Biographies of theEditors and Contributors
  2. pp. 524-529
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 530-545
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