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Who were the first people who came to the land bridge joining northeastern Asia to Alaska and the northwest of North America? Where did they come from? How did they organize technology, especially in the context of settlement behavior?     During the Pleistocene era, the people now known as Beringians dispersed across the varied landscapes of late-glacial northeast Asia and northwest North America.   The twenty chapters gathered in this volume explore, in addition to the questions posed above, how Beringians adapted in response to climate and environmental changes. They share a focus on the significance of the modern-human inhabitants of the region. By examining and analyzing lithic artifacts, geoarchaeological evidence, zooarchaeological data, and archaeological features, these studies offer important interpretations of the variability to be found in the early material culture the first Beringians.   The scholars contributing to this work consider the region from Lake Baikal in the west to southern British Columbia in the east. Through a technological-organization approach, this volume permits investigation of the evolutionary process of adaptation as well as the historical processes of migration and cultural transmission. The result is a closer understanding of how humans adapted to the diverse and unique conditions of the late Pleistocene.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Contents
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-ix
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xi
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  1. 1. Introducing the Archaeological Record of Beringia
  2. pp. 1-30
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  1. Part I. Upper Paleolithic Siberia and Western Beringia
  2. pp. 31-31
  1. 2. On Late Upper Paleolithic Variability in South-Central Siberia: Rethinking the Afontova
  2. pp. 33-46
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  1. 3. Last Glacial Maximum Human Populations in the Southwest Transbaikal, Southern Siberia
  2. pp. 47-57
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  1. 4. Late Paleolithic and Mesolithic Technological Variability in the Lower Vitim Valley, Eastern Siberia
  2. pp. 58-74
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  1. 5. Identifying Pressure Flaking Modes at Diuktai Cave:
  2. pp. 75-90
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  1. 6. Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Cultures of Beringia: The General and the Specifi c 91
  2. pp. 91-116
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  1. Part II. Late Glacial Technologies of Eastern Beringia
  2. pp. 117-117
  1. 7. The Earliest Alaskan Archaeological Record: A View from Siberia 119
  2. pp. 119-127
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  1. 9. Assemblage Variability in Beringia: The Mesa Factor
  2. pp. 165-178
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  1. 10. The Beringian and Transitional Periods in Alaska: Technology of the East Beringian Tradition as Viewed from Swan Point
  2. pp. 179-191
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  1. 11. Residue Analysis of Bone-Fueled Pleistocene Hearths
  2. pp. 192-198
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  1. 12. What Is the Nenana Complex? Raw Material Procurement and Technological Organization at Walker Road, Central Alaska
  2. pp. 199-214
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  1. 13. Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Assemblage Variability in Central Alaska
  2. pp. 215-233
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  1. 14. The Microblade/ Non-Microblade Dichotomy: Climatic Implications, Toolkit Variability, and the Role of Tiny Tools in Eastern Beringia
  2. pp. 234-254
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  1. 15. Microblade Assemblages in Southwestern Alaska: An Early Holocene Adaptation: An Early Holocene Adaptation
  2. pp. 255-269
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  1. 16. Gaining Momentum: Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Archaeological Obsidian Source Studies Studies in Interior and Northeastern Beringia
  2. pp. 270-286
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  1. Part III. Perspectives from Northwest Canada
  2. pp. 287-287
  1. 17. Chindadn in Canada? Emergent Evidence of the Pleistocene Transition in Southeast Beringia as Revealed by the Little John Site, Yukon
  2. pp. 289-307
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  1. 18. Geoarchaeological and Zooarchaeological Correlates of Early Beringian Artifact Assemblages: Insights from the Little John Site, Yukon
  2. pp. 308-322
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  1. 19. Function, Visibility, and Interpretation of Archaeological Assemblages at the Pleistocene/ Holocene Transition in Haida Gwaii
  2. pp. 323-342
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  1. IV. Synthesis: Explaining Assemblage Variability from the Yenisei to the Yukon
  2. pp. 343-343
  1. 20. Technology, Typology, and Subsistence: A Partly Contrarian Look at the Peopling of Beringia
  2. pp. 345-361
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  1. 21. Arrows, Atlatls, and Cultural-Historical Conundrums
  2. pp. 362-369
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 371-372
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 373-394
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  1. Back Cover
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781603443845
Related ISBN
9781603443210
MARC Record
OCLC
810039414
Pages
416
Launched on MUSE
2012-08-07
Language
English
Open Access
No
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