From the Yenisei to the Yukon
Interpreting Lithic Assemblage Variability in Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Beringia
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Texas A&M University Press
The year 2009 marked the fiftieth anniversary of David M. Hopkins’s seminal paper “Cenozoic History of the Bering Land Bridge,” published in the journal Science in 1959. Besides synthesizing . . .
The editors wish to thank the International Quater nary Association, U.S. National Science Foundation Arctic Social Sciences Program, and Center . . .
1. Introducing the Archaeological Record of Beringia
The central theme of this book is the Pleistocene archaeology of extreme northeast Asia and northwest North America, the area that during the late Pleistocene made up the Bering Land Bridge. Most of the . . .
Part I. Upper Paleolithic Siberia and Western Beringia
2. On Late Upper Paleolithic Variability in South-Central Siberia: Rethinking the Afontova
One of the major themes in the study of Beringian lithic variability is the relationship between the Nenana and Denali complexes in central Alaska. . . .
3. Last Glacial Maximum Human Populations in the Southwest Transbaikal, Southern Siberia
Models of human populations across Siberia during the last glacial maximum (LGM) are traditionally based on numbers of radiocarbon- dated . . .
4. Late Paleolithic and Mesolithic Technological Variability in the Lower Vitim Valley, Eastern Siberia
Recently, archaeologists in eastern Siberia have become increasingly interested in the archaeological record of the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary, . . .
5. Identifying Pressure Flaking Modes at Diuktai Cave:
Pressure flaking to produce microblades was first identified in Siberia by J. Flenniken (1987) and has been suggested for most of the Paleolithic microblade material from northeast Asia and North America. . . .
6. Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Cultures of Beringia: The General and the Specifi c 91
Researchers began discussing the common origin of the peoples of northeast Asia and Alaska when the latter was discovered and even earlier— . . .
Part II. Late Glacial Technologies of Eastern Beringia
7. The Earliest Alaskan Archaeological Record: A View from Siberia 119
The evidence from Alaska is of crucial importance for the study of the peopling of the New World. Speculation continues concerning several . . .
8. Functional Variability in the Late Pleistocene Archaeological Record of Eastern Beringia: A Model of Late Pleistocene Land Use and Technology from Northwest Alaska
Archaeologists working in eastern Beringia acknowledge a considerable degree of variability in the archaeological record of the region at the end . . .
9. Assemblage Variability in Beringia: The Mesa Factor
One decade into the twenty- first century, Beringia remains something of a Third World province for archaeologists. Researchers continue to struggle with the cultural chronology and other basic . . .
10. The Beringian and Transitional Periods in Alaska: Technology of the East Beringian Tradition as Viewed from Swan Point
Swan Point provides an opportunity to study a Beringian- age archaeological assemblage deep in the interior of Alaska. The site is located in the . . .
11. Residue Analysis of Bone-Fueled Pleistocene Hearths
Bone- fueled hearths are described in the ethnographic and archaeological literature. Experimental burns with bone, dung, and bone- dung reproduce unique . . .
12. What Is the Nenana Complex? Raw Material Procurement and Technological Organization at Walker Road, Central Alaska
Studies of lithic artifact variability in Beringia have traditionally focused on typological descriptions and interassemblage comparisons, the goals of which have been to define complexes, traditions, or . . .
13. Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Assemblage Variability in Central Alaska
Current interpretations of late Pleistocene and early Holocene (14,000– 7000 cal BP) assemblage variability in central Alaska rely on traditional . . .
14. The Microblade/ Non-Microblade Dichotomy: Climatic Implications, Toolkit Variability, and the Role of Tiny Tools in Eastern Beringia
The earliest known lithic technology in eastern Beringia involved the systematic production of microblades, and microblade industries have . . .
15. Microblade Assemblages in Southwestern Alaska: An Early Holocene Adaptation: An Early Holocene Adaptation
Three sites with microblade assemblages—Nukluk Mountain, Ilnuk, and Lime Hills Cave (figure 15.1)—provide insights into the culture of those . . .
16. Gaining Momentum: Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Archaeological Obsidian Source Studies Studies in Interior and Northeastern Beringia
For decades archaeologists have recognized the remarkable value of obsidian for understanding human mobility, migration, exchange networks, . . .
Part III. Perspectives from Northwest Canada
17. Chindadn in Canada? Emergent Evidence of the Pleistocene Transition in Southeast Beringia as Revealed by the Little John Site, Yukon
The Little John site (Borden KdVo- 6) is located 12 km north of the village of Beaver Creek, Yukon, about 2 km from the international border with Alaska (figure 17.1). It occupies most of the higher . . .
18. Geoarchaeological and Zooarchaeological Correlates of Early Beringian Artifact Assemblages: Insights from the Little John Site, Yukon
Although numerous attempts have been made to assess temporal variation in early Beringian sites and assemblages, comparatively little . . .
19. Function, Visibility, and Interpretation of Archaeological Assemblages at the Pleistocene/ Holocene Transition in Haida Gwaii
Investigations in the south of Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia) have identified several archaeological sites dating to the Pleistocene/ Holocene transition (figure 19.1). The earliest evidence . . .
IV. Synthesis: Explaining Assemblage Variability from the Yenisei to the Yukon
20. Technology, Typology, and Subsistence: A Partly Contrarian Look at the Peopling of Beringia
Acceptable evidence for the peopling of Beringia before 12,000 14C BP (14,000 cal BP) involves microblades and wedge- shaped microcores that . . .
21. Arrows, Atlatls, and Cultural-Historical Conundrums
The chapters in this volume present technological analyses, replicative experimentation, environmental interpretations, and new discoveries . . .
Page Count: 416
Illustrations: 35 b&w photos. 28 maps. 73 line art. 57 figs. 44 tables.
Publication Year: 2011
Series Title: Peopling of the Americas Publications Series
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