Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

The mission involved danger, possibly death. The U.S. First Division expected to attack in the morning. The most likely battle area required a nighttime reconnaissance. Three officers led the patrol. Throughout the night they sent back messages by runners...

Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xvi

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1. The Genesis of the Chaplaincy

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pp. 1-9

The story of Jewish chaplains is part of the larger history of military spiritual leaders. From Biblical times to our own, soldiers and sailors have wanted their endeavors blessed by holy men and women. The American military chaplaincy, on the eve of the Civil...

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2. The First Military Rabbis: Fighting for Equality

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pp. 10-25

Religion played a crucial role in the Civil War. The prevailing religious ideologies of the North and South performed significant functions in the context of the war, inspiring those on both sides. Within the armed forces, the prevalence or lack of clerics played a...

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3. Fighting Anti-Semitism

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pp. 26-42

In the five decades that bridged the Civil War and the First World War, the attention and efforts of the Jewish community toward their coreligionists in the military expanded in a dramatic fashion. A number of reasons explain this heightened attention: an increase of...

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4. Rabbis in the Trenches

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pp. 43-62

When America entered the First World War, the Jewish community’s efforts to gain rabbinic representation in the armed forces came to fruition. The creation, growth, and subsequent work of the National Jewish Welfare Board represented the community’s dedication...

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5. The Interwar Years

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pp. 63-73

The years between the two world wars saw a marked increase in anti-Semitism. This society-wide prejudice caused lost employment opportunities, produced publicly printed and broadcast stereotypical attacks, and legitimized groups that advocated Nazism. Yet...

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6. The World at War Again

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pp. 74-108

By the onset of the Second World War, Jewish participation in the military had met several historical challenges. In the Civil War, the Jewish community had fought for rabbis to be legally included within the ranks of the chaplaincy. By the First World War...

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7. Adapting to a Changing World

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pp. 109-140

In the decades between 1945 and the present, the world has experienced continued warfare. Wars in Korea and Vietnam and the conflict known as Desert Storm have become known to entire generations of Americans. In each of these conflicts, the United States armed...

Appendix: Seeking God’s Presence

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pp. 141-148

Notes

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pp. 149-160

Bibliography

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pp. 161-168

Index

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pp. 169-170

About the Author

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pp. 171-172