Architectural Regionalism in Hawaii
Publication Year: 2010
Hart Wood’s magnificent and graceful buildings remain critical to Hawaii’s architectural legacy more than fifty years after his death: the First Church of Christ Scientist on Punahou Street, the First Chinese Church on King Street, the S & G Gump Building on Kalakaua Avenue, the Honolulu Board of Water Supply Administration Building on Beretania Street, and the Alexander & Baldwin Building on Bishop Street, as well as numerous Wood residences throughout the city.
Published by: University of Hawai'i Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
First and foremost we extend a debt of gratitude to Charles R. Sutton, Vladimir Ossipoff, and Robert Fox, the trustees of the Hart Wood Foundation, who so many years ago pointed us down the trail which has led to this book. Much belated thanks to Diane...
Although today he is overshadowed by former partner Charles W. Dickey, Hart Wood is one of the giants of Hawaii’s regionalist design movement and arguably its most creative advocate. The first architect in Hawaii known to meld Asian and Western forms, some of his best...
1. Influences of Youth
Born in Philadelphia on December 26, 1880, Hart Wood was the son of Thomas Hart Benton Wood, the nephew of Louis M. H. Wood, and the grandson of Samuel Wood. The Woods were all active artisans in the building trades of the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries.1 By 1850, Samuel...
2. Wood's Early Career
By 1897 or 1898, Hart Wood had formally entered the architectural profession, inaugurating his career through Marean & Norton and Frank E. Edbrooke & Company. The Edbrooke firm was responsible for much of Denver’s late-nineteenth-century appearance, with the Brown Palace...
3. Wood and Simpson: Wood Opens His Own Firm
In July 1915, Architect and Engineer of California announced that Hart Wood and Horace G. Simpson had formed a partnership: Wood and Simpson.1 Wood’s reasons for leaving Hobart are shadowy. The business climate was steadily deteriorating, and the Portland Post Office...
4. Hawaii: The Stage is Set
The pairing of Hart Wood (fig. 31) with Charles William Dickey (fig. 32) was to prove fortuitous for Wood. Dickey was able to provide Wood with the clients he had been unable to attract during the hard times of World War I. In turn, Dickey found in Wood a man of compatible architectural...
5. Early Work in Hawaii
The basic designs of at least three major projects were completed before Wood made Honolulu a permanent base. The Greek Theater project, as its name implies, is pure Classical Revival architecture. However, the early schemes for the Bishop & Company Bank...
6. Wood Leads the Hawaiian Regional Architecture Movement
During the years 1924–1926, Wood continued to combine a variety of design elements in an effort to formulate the guiding principles for a regional architecture appropriate to Hawaii. The directions he had explored in the Albert Wilcox Memorial...
7. The Depression Years and World War II
The crash of the stock market in October 1929 did not have an immediate effect upon Hawaii, but by 1931 the depression was being felt in the Islands. By mid-1932, Wood informed his friend Jesse Stanton of Gladding, McBean, “I have managed to keep my office...
8. Reopening His Office
Following the war, Wood was almost immediately busy upon reopening his office. Original drawings, dated June 19, 1944, exist for a small residence for J. Walsh on Terrace Drive in Manoa. In addition, during the first month of 1946, plans for two residential renovations were...
9. The Crepuscular Years, the End of a Career
Following the completion of the Lihue United Church, age began to catch up to Hart Wood. By June 1952, when he was admitted to Maunalani Hospital, he “couldn’t hold a pencil,” nor could he take care of himself. Probably suffering from Parkinson’s disease, this talented...
About the Authors
Publication Year: 2010
OCLC Number: 663886657
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