Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-ix

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Preface

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pp. xi-xii

Written by Carol A. Butler, the co-author of Do Butterflies Bite?, along with bee biologist Elizabeth Capaldi Evans, this book is the only guide to these popular insects to present information in an accessible...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xiv

From Elizabeth: Fortune has favored me with a fantastic family that fostered my love of the natural world from an early age; their encouragement inspired me to pursue a career in science and education. My thanks...

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1. Bee Basics

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pp. 1-26

Bees are invertebrate animals that grow through four different life stages—egg, larva, pupa, and adult—similar to the seemingly friendlier insects, the butterflies. However, unlike butterflies, which abandon..

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2. Bee Bodies

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pp. 27-49

The honey bee queen lays an egg in a small chamber or cell in an area of the colony called the brood nest. A helpless, grub-like larva emerges from each egg after a few days, and its only function is to eat. Unlike...

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3. Bee Behavior

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pp. 50-72

Honey bees do not have ears, but they are able to sense certain frequencies, picking up the vibrations from the air or from the physical structure of the hive. Leg sensors called subgenual organs are fl uid-fi lled...

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4. Bee Love

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pp. 73-83

Queen honey bees give off pheromones that attract males (drones) when they are ready to embark on their mating fl ights (see this chapter, question 3: How do bees mate?). Since the sole task of drones...

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5. Bees in the Hive

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pp. 84-96

Honey bee colonies can contain from ten to fifty thousand bees and sometimes more. Bumblebee colonies are much smaller, containing from about two hundred to four hundred bees. The population...

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6. Bees at Work

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pp. 97-116

Bees really don’t intend to pollinate flowers, although pollination benefits them because it creates seeds that will make more flowers that will provide them with a continuing nectar flow in the future. Pollen...

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7. Honey

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pp. 117-127

Honey is a sweet and viscous fluid that honey bees produce. Most people have a jar of honey in the kitchen, but they probably don’t use it very often. In the days before the development of refined sugars...

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8. Bees on the Move

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pp. 128-141

Bees permanently move out of their hive only under two circumstances: one is called absconding and the other is called swarming (see questions and answers below.) If environmental conditions becom...

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9. Bee Stings and Other Defenses

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pp. 142-153

Not all bees can sting. The bee’s sting is a modification of the ovipositor, the female egg-laying organ, and so no males of any bee species sting. Most people are surprised to know that the stinger is kept inside...

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10. Dangers to Bees

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pp. 154-168

Poor nutrition, disease, parasitic mites (see this chapter, question 3: What parasites and insects prey on bees?), pesticides, and pollution are some of the threats that stress colonies and cause them to fail...

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11. Beekeeping

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pp. 169-188

A prudent beekeeper will say that beekeeping is not dangerous, but a person who remembers a painful bee sting would probably disagree. The best answer to this question is “it depends.” With careful...

[Image Plates]

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Appendix A: Bee Organizations

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pp. 189-190

Appendix B: Suggestions for Further Reading

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pp. 191-192

References

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pp. 193-220

Index

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pp. 221-229

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About the Authors

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p. 231

Elizabeth Capaldi Evans, PhD, is an associate professor of biology and animal behavior at Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. Trained in zoology, ecology, and evolutionary biology, her research...