Divergent Social Worlds
Neighborhood Crime and the Racial-Spatial Divide
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Front Matter: Cover, Previous Volumes in the Series, Forthcoming Titles, About this Series, Contents, About the Authors, Foreword, Preface.
Chapter 1: Introduction: One Hundred Years and Still Counting
RACE, PLACE, and crime are inextricably linked, both in actuality and in the minds of the public, in the contemporary United States. The image of the crime-ridden ghetto is prevalent in popular cultural portrayals on television, in movies, and in daily news reports (Bjornstrom et al. 2010; Russell 1998; Russell-Brown 2004). This imagery conveys the notion that African American neighborhoods are to be feared and avoided while white communities are havens of safety; ...
Chapter 2: Racial Structure, Segregation, and Crime
VIOLENT CRIME in a predominantly African American neighborhood on the East Side of Columbus, Ohio, was a whopping 22.9 per 1,000 residents in 2000, a rate that was over twice the city wide average of 9.8. During that year, residents of this moderately poor neighborhood with nearly 4,000 residents fell victim to seventy-eight reported violent incidents, including two murders and twelve rapes.1 Just six miles away in a moderately poor white community, the picture was some- ...
Chapter 3: Divergent Social Worlds
THE STARK reality of U.S. society is that whites, African Americans, and Latinos live in strikingly different social worlds. These divergent communities of color reflect the entrenched inequalities found in a racially structured society in which whites are highly privileged compared to other populations. Groups of varying colors commonly live in separate residential areas that are far from similar in key social conditions that put communities at peril for, or protect them from, a host...
Chapter 4: The Links Between Racialized Community Structures and Crime
ARE THE divergent social worlds of racially distinct neighborhoods the source of dramatic racial and ethnic neighborhood inequality in violent and property crime? Is crime so low in white neighborhoods because of their enormous socioeconomic privilege? Are the often hyperdisadvantaged conditions of African American local areas responsible for their heightened violent and property offending? Is crime somewhat lower in Latino and minority neighborhoods than in African...
Chapter 5: The Spatial Context of Criminal Inequality
THE BASIC framework presented here emphasizes that ethnic and racial differentials in crime patterns are rooted in the racial inequality embedded in distinct conditions found across and within urban neighborhoods. The evidence is consistent with this framework whether all neighborhoods are studied or analyses are restricted to apparently more comparable low-poverty areas. However, notable gaps in violence remain unaccounted for by racialized community con- ...
Chapter 6: Conclusion: Implications of the Racial-Spatial Divide
IN CHAPTER 2, we began our discussion with examples of crime rates for racially distinct neighborhoods in two U.S. cities, Columbus,Ohio, and Los Angeles, California. The white, African American, and Latino communities in each of these cities are not far apart physically, but in a manner of speaking, they are worlds apart in their levels of crime. The examples of disparate crime patterns in a few neighborhoods in Columbus and Los Angeles were provided to illustrate the reality of...