In this Book

Histories of Race and Racism
summary
Ninety percent of the indigenous population in the Americas lives in the Andean and Mesoamerican nations of Bolivia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, and Guatemala. Recently indigenous social movements in these countries have intensified debate about racism and drawn attention to the connections between present-day discrimination and centuries of colonialism and violence. In Histories of Race and Racism, anthropologists, historians, and sociologists consider the experiences and representations of Andean and Mesoamerican indigenous peoples from the early colonial era to the present. Many of the essays focus on Bolivia, where the election of the country’s first indigenous president, Evo Morales, sparked fierce disputes over political power, ethnic rights, and visions of the nation. The contributors compare the interplay of race and racism with class, gender, nationality, and regionalism in Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. In the process, they engage issues including labor, education, census taking, cultural appropriation and performance, mestizaje, social mobilization, and antiracist legislation. Their essays shed new light on the present by describing how race and racism have mattered in particular Andean and Mesoamerican societies at specific moments in time.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Introduction: Racisms of the Present and the Past in Latin America
  2. pp. 1-53
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  1. Part I: The Uses of "Race" in Colonial Latin America
  2. pp. 55-91
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  1. Unfixing Race
  2. pp. 57-71
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  1. Was There Race in Colonial Latin America? : Identifying Selves and Others in the Insurgent Andes
  2. pp. 72-91
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  1. Part II: Racialization and the State in the Long Nineteenth Century
  2. pp. 93-156
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  1. From Assimilation to Segregation: Guatemala, 1800–1944
  2. pp. 95-112
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  1. The Census and the Making of a Social "Order" in Nineteenth-Century Bolivia
  2. pp. 113-133
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  1. Forging the Unlettered Indian: The Pedagogy of Race in the Bolivian Andes
  2. pp. 134-156
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  1. Part III: Racialization and Nationalist Mythologies in the Twentieth Century
  2. pp. 157-217
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  1. Indian Ruins, National Origins: Tiwanaku and Indigenismo in La Paz, 1897–1933
  2. pp. 159-178
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  1. Mestizaje, Distinction, and Cultural Presence: The View from Oaxaca
  2. pp. 179-203
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  1. On the Origin of the ‘‘Mexican Race’’
  2. pp. 204-217
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  1. Part IV: Antiracist Movements and Racism Today
  2. pp. 219-317
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  1. Politics of Place and Urban Indígenas in Ecuador’s Indigenous Movement
  2. pp. 221-239
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  1. Education and Decolonization in the Work of the Aymara Activist Eduardo Leandro Nina Qhispi
  2. pp. 240-253
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  1. Mistados, Cholos, and the Negation of Identity in the Guatemalan Highlands
  2. pp. 254-277
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  1. Authenticating Indians and Movements: Interrogating Indigenous Authenticity, Social Movements, and Fieldwork in Contemporary Peru
  2. pp. 278-298
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  1. Transgressions and Racism: The Struggle over a New Constitution in Bolivia
  2. pp. 299-310
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  1. Epilogue to ‘‘Transgressions and Racism’’: Making Sense of May 24th in Sucre: Toward an Antiracist Legislative Agenda
  2. pp. 311-317
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  1. Part V: Concluding Comments
  2. p. 319
  1. A Postcolonial Palimpsest: The Work Race Does in Latin America
  2. pp. 321-336
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 337-376
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 377-379
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 381-400
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