Aristotle's Concept of Chance
Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: State University of New York Press
Title Page, Copyright
It is my great pleasure to acknowledge an immense debt of thanks to Prof. Dr. G.J.Y. Debrock. His wisdom and virtue, of which I have been the beneficiary for many years, can receive no adequate expression here. I would like to express my gratitude in particular...
The topic of chance is one with which all human beings are confronted in day-to-day life. Everyone knows how it feels to have good luck and bad luck, and everyone attributes certain unexpected outcomes to chance. Chance is the spice of the plots of innumerable...
Part I: Chance in the Physics of Aristotle: The Metaphysics of Chance
1. The Doctrine of Phys. II, IV-VI
Aristotle’s main discussion of chance is that found in Book II of the Physics, which may be described as an investigation into causes, as is apparent from the first sentence of chapters 1, 3, 4, 7 and 8.1 Chance must be examined...
2. The Structure of Phys. II, IV-VI
In this chapter the structure of Phys. II, iv-vi will be examined. I hope to show that this structure can only be explained by means of a development in Aristotle’s concept of chance. I shall argue that Aristotle originally wrote...
3. Dating Phys. II, IV-VI
In the last chapter an attempt was made to show that Phys. II, iv-v was written at a different stage of the development of Aristotle’s thought to Phys. II, vi. In Phys. II, iv-v, in its original form, the term...
4. Necessity and Chance
In this chapter Aristotle’s concept of necessity will be investigated, and the important question will be treated of the extent to which Aristotle made room for contingency.1 The chapter will not provide an exhaustive treatment of logical...
5. The Causes of That Which Occurs by Chance
In this chapter the aim will be to examine the kinds of cause at work in chance events and chance substances. Chance events will be dealt with in section (a). The two kinds of chance substance are monsters and spontaneously generated...
Part II: Chance in the Ethics of Aristotle
6. Chance as the Source of External Prosperity
In Part I of this volume the doctrine of chance in Aristotle’s physical works was examined. In Part II the function of chance in the ethical works will be treated. It will be seen that in EE and MM Aristotle develops a doctrine of chance...
7. Chance and Intuition
In the last chapter it was seen that external prosperity, which is a requirement of happiness, is dependent upon chance. The extent to which Aristotle makes happiness dependent upon external prosperity, and accordingly upon chance...
Part III: Implications of Aristotle's Concept of Chance
8. Chance and Aristotle's Rejection of Determinism
In Part III of this volume some of the more striking implications of Aristotle’s doctrine of chance will be examined. In Chapter 8 an inquiry will be undertaken into Aristotle’s rejection of determinism. It will be seen that Aristotle based...
Additional Note on Determinist Interpretations of Aristotle's Philosophy of Nature
9.Aristotle's Concept of Chance and Related Contemporary Questions
The aim of this chapter is not to study any questions relating to science and philosophy in extenso or in their own right – since this would require a separate volume for each question – but only as related to Aristotle’s concept...
The present volume is the first full account of chance in Aristotle. No previous treatment of chance has brought together the concept of chance in the physical and ethical works of Aristotle. As chance is a topic of importance in physics...
Index Nominum / Index Rerum
Page Count: 416
Illustrations: 1 figure
Publication Year: 2011
OCLC Number: 826442823
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Aristotle's Concept of Chance