Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-v

Table of Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Figures

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pp. ix-xvii

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Preface

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pp. 1-4

In addition to sensitivity, joy and commitment, Natalie Davis brought to early modern European religious history the serene pluralism of the new field of religious studies. This approach, following William James, did not work out from a given theology and did not take sides...

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Chapter 1. Toribia del Val and the Mysterious Wayfarer of Casas de Benítez

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pp. 5-44

For several years the medievalist Lisa Bitel and the photographer Matt Gainer attended the monthly visions of María Paula Acuña, a mother of six in her fifties, in the Mojave Desert of California. I went twice, taking students. Typically, hundreds of Latino-American pilgrims would be waiting when María...

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Chapter 2. Images as Beings: Blood, Sweat, and Tears1

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pp. 45-96

Toribia del Val introduced one of the ways of connecting with the divine: the visit of a supernatural with counsel and instructions for a specific purpose, in her case to end a drought in 1931. Because Toribia saw the visitor and no one else did...

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Chapter 3. Presence, Absence and the Supernatural in Postcard and Family Photographs, Europe 1895–19201

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pp. 97-101

Illustrating the two previous chapters about visits by pilgrim strangers and images that seemed to come alive were statues, paintings, engravings, and photographs. This chapter deals with the passage of art to photography in the representation of visions. ...

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Visions depicted [with Images]

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pp. 102-131

Photography brought an immediacy to the depiction of visions, but at the same time presented a basic problem, one that has always been present for people seeing others have visions: by definition one cannot see what only seers see (Fig. 47). ...

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Connecting with the Absent and the Supernaturals [with Images]

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pp. 132-161

Composite images, whether by photomontage, multiple exposure, sandwiched negatives, or other techniques, provided other solutions to the depiction of visions.14 Since the earliest days of their craft, photographers had experimented with combinations.15 ...

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Supernaturals and the Absent in World War I postcards [with Images]

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pp. 162-201

In France, as the prospect of conflict with Germany increased, starting June 30, 1913, first two girls, then scores of adults, began to have visions in the village of Alzonne, 10 kilometers from Carcassonne. The visions started in poplars on the bank of the River Fresquel, then spread to the sky above the highway...

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Absence in family photographs around World War I [with Images]

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pp. 202-231

Photomontage was used in real, studio portraits as well (the examples I have are Spanish, French, Belgian, Dutch, Russian and Italian) to unite couples and families separated by emigration, military service, imprisonment or death. For separation is an intimation of death, death once removed. ...

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Summing up

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pp. 232-234

If one conclusion from these three chapters would be that very little religious gets permanently thrown away, another would be that people embody history, literature, images. History is important, because what happened to our families, our towns, our nations...

Endnotes

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pp. 235-265

Bibliography

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pp. 267-286

Index

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pp. 287-310

Back Cover

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