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Twenty years in the making, this collection presents 122 top-level Soviet, European and American records on the superpowers’ role in the annus mirabilis of 1989. Consisting of Politburo minutes; diary entries from Gorbachev’s senior aide, Anatoly Chernyaev; meeting notes and private communications of Gorbachev with George H.W. Bush, Margaret Thatcher, Helmut Kohl and François Mitterrand; and high-level CIA analyses, this volume offers a rare insider’s look at the historic, world-transforming events that culminated in the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the end of the Cold War. Most of these records have never been published before.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title page
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  1. Copyright page
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  1. Table of contents
  2. pp. v-xiii
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  1. Preface and Acknowledgements
  2. pp. xv-xx
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. xxi-xxiv
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. xxv-xxvi
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  1. Acronyms
  2. pp. xxvii-xxviii
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  1. Chronology of Events
  2. pp. xxix-xliv
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  1. The Logic of 1989: The Soviet Peaceful Withdrawal from Eastern Europe
  2. pp. 1-48
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  1. U.S. Policy and the Revolutions of 1989
  2. pp. 49-98
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  1. Dialogue: The Musgrove Conference, May 1–3, 1998
  2. pp. 99-214
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  1. Documents
  2. p. 215
  1. Document No. 1: Transcript of Mikhail Gorbachev’s Conference with CC CPSU Secretaries March 15, 1985
  2. pp. 217-219
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  1. Document No. 2: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev regarding the “Vladimirov” Article July 5, 1985
  2. pp. 220-221
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  1. Document No. 3: Memorandum from Anatoly Chernyaev to Aleksandr Yakovlev on Germany and Eastern Europe March 10, 1986
  2. pp. 222-223
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  1. Document No. 4: Speech by Mikhail Gorbachev to Ministry of Foreign Affairs May 28, 1986
  2. pp. 224-225
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  1. Document No. 5: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session June 13, 1986
  2. pp. 226-229
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  1. Document No. 7: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session July 3, 1986
  2. pp. 234-235
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  1. Document No. 8: Transcript of CC CPSU Politburo Session November 13, 1986
  2. pp. 236-240
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  1. Document No. 9: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session January 29, 1987
  2. pp. 241-243
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  1. Document No. 10: Proposal from georgy Shakhnazarov to the CPSU for a Partial Soviet Troop Withdrawal from the ČSSR March 1987
  2. pp. 244-246
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  1. Document No. 11: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session. Report on Mikhail Gorbachev’s Visit to Czechoslovakia April 16, 1987
  2. pp. 247-248
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  1. Document No. 12: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session May 8, 1987
  2. pp. 249-252
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  1. Document No. 13: Report on Mikhail Gorbachev’s Visit to Romania June 4, 1987
  2. pp. 253-254
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  1. Document No. 14: Report on Eduard Shevardnadze’s Visits to Bulgaria, Hungary, and Yugoslavia July 9, 1987
  2. pp. 255-256
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  1. Document No. 15: State Department Intelligence and Research Report: “Economic Reform in the USSR and Eastern Europe” September 16, 1987
  2. pp. 257-258
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  1. Document No. 16: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session November 19, 1987
  2. pp. 259-260
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  1. Document No. 17: Memorandum from Robert Gates, “Gorbachev’s Gameplan: The Long View” November 24, 1987
  2. pp. 261-263
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  1. Document No. 18: Telegram from Rozanne Ridgeway to All European Diplomatic Posts, “Eastern Europe: Invitation to the Dance” December 1987
  2. p. 264
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  1. Document No. 19: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session March 10, 1988
  2. pp. 265-267
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  1. Document No. 20: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Lazar Moisov March 14, 1988
  2. p. 268
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  1. Document No. 21: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session March 24–25, 1988
  2. pp. 269-270
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  1. Document No. 22: Record of the Main Content of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and gustáv Husák April 12, 1988
  2. pp. 271-272
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  1. Document No. 23: Record of the Main Content of a Telephone Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and János Kádár May 19, 1988
  2. pp. 273-276
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  1. Document No. 24: Comments from georgy Shakhnazarov on Viktor Kulikov’s Report at the Warsaw Treaty PCC May 25, 1988
  2. pp. 277-279
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  1. Document No. 25: National Intelligence Estimate 11/12-9-88, “Soviet Policy toward Eastern Europe under Gorbachev” May 1988
  2. pp. 280-285
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  1. Document No. 26: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session June 20, 1988
  2. pp. 286-289
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  1. Document No. 27: Speech by Mikhail Gorbachev at a Dinner with Wojciech Jaruzelski July 11, 1988
  2. pp. 290-291
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  1. Document No. 28: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Józef Czyrek September 23, 1988
  2. pp. 292-305
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  1. Document No. 29: Preparatory Notes from Georgy Shakhnazarov for Mikhail gorbachev for CC CPSU Politburo Meeting October 6, 1988
  2. pp. 306-308
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  1. Document No. 30: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev regarding a Meeting between Mikhail Gorbachev and Helmut Kohl October 28, 1988
  2. pp. 309-310
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  1. Document No. 31: Notes of a Meeting between Mikhail Gorbachev and Foreign Policy Advisers October 31, 1988
  2. pp. 311-312
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  1. Document No. 33: CIA Intelligence Assessment, “Gorbachev’s September Housecleaning: An Early Evaluation” December 1988
  2. pp. 325-330
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  1. Document No. 34: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev on the Situation in the Baltics December 10, 1988
  2. p. 331
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  1. Document No. 35: Transcript of CC CPSU Politburo Session December 27–28, 1988
  2. pp. 332-340
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  1. Document No. 36: Record of Conversation between Aleksandr Yakovlev and Henry Kissinger January 16, 1989
  2. pp. 341-344
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  1. Document No. 37: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Henry Kissinger January 17, 1989
  2. pp. 345-346
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  1. Document No. 38: Letter from George H.W. Bush to Mikhail Gorbachev
  2. pp. 347-348
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  1. Document No. 39: Report from Mikhail Gorbachev to the CC CPSU Politburo regarding His Meeting with the Trilateral Commission January 21, 1989
  2. pp. 349-351
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  1. Document No. 40: Notes of Telephone Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and George H.W. Bush January 23, 1989
  2. p. 352
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  1. Document No. 41: Memorandum from CC CPSU International Department, “On a Strategy for Relations with the European Socialist Countries” February 1989
  2. pp. 353-364
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  1. Document No. 42: Memorandum from the Bogomolov Institute, “Changes in Eastern Europe and their Impact on the USSR” February 1989
  2. pp. 365-381
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  1. Document No. 43: Cable from Jack Matlock to State Department, “The Soviet Union over the Next Four Years” February 3, 1989
  2. pp. 382-388
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  1. Document No. 44: Memorandum from Anatoly Chernyaev to Vadim Zagladin February 4, 1989
  2. p. 389
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  1. Document No. 45: Cable from Jack Matlock to State Department, “The Soviet Union over the Next Four Years” February 13, 1989
  2. pp. 390-396
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  1. Document No. 46: Report on Vadim Medvedev’s Visit to Romania February 16, 1989
  2. pp. 397-398
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  1. Document No. 47: Cable from Jack Matlock to State Department, “U.S.–Soviet Relations: Policy Opportunities” February 22, 1989
  2. pp. 399-407
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  1. Document No. 48: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Achille Occhetto February 28, 1989
  2. pp. 408-410
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  1. Document No. 49: Notes of CC CPSU Politburo Session March 3, 1989
  2. p. 411
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  1. Document No. 50: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Miklós Németh March 3, 1989
  2. pp. 412-413
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  1. Document No. 51: Notes of Mikhail Gorbachev’s Meeting with Soviet Ambassadors to Socialist Countries March 3, 1989
  2. pp. 414-417
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  1. Document No. 52: Record of Conversations between Mikhail Gorbachev and Károly Grósz March 23–24, 1989
  2. pp. 418-419
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  1. Document No. 53: Transcript of CC CPSU Politburo Session, “Outcome of the USSR People’s Deputies Elections” March 28, 1989
  2. pp. 420-431
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  1. Document No. 55: Report from Vadim Zagladin on Conversation with Jan Pudlák April 1, 1989
  2. pp. 436-437
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  1. Document No. 56: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Margaret Thatcher April 6, 1989
  2. pp. 438-441
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  1. Document No. 57: National Intelligence Estimate 11-4-89, “Soviet Policy toward the West: The Gorbachev Challenge” April 1989
  2. pp. 442-445
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  1. Document No. 58: Session of the CC CPSU Politburo April 20, 1989
  2. pp. 446-448
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  1. Document No. 59: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev regarding Gorbachev’s State of Mind May 2, 1989
  2. p. 449
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  1. Document No. 60: Session of the CC CPSU Politburo May 11, 1989
  2. pp. 450-451
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  1. Document No. 61: Transcript of CC PUWP Secretariat Meeting June 5, 1989
  2. pp. 452-459
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  1. Document No. 62: Record of Conversation between Erich Honecker and Eduard Shevardnadze June 9, 1989
  2. pp. 460-462
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  1. Document No. 63: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Helmut Kohl June 12, 1989
  2. pp. 463-467
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  1. Document No. 64: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Richard von Weizsäcker June 12, 1989
  2. pp. 468-469
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  1. Document No. 65: Transcript of Opening Full Session of Hungarian National Roundtable Negotiations June 13, 1989
  2. pp. 470-474
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  1. Document No. 66: Record of Second Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Helmut Kohl June 13, 1989
  2. p. 475
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  1. Document No. 67: Record of Third Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Helmut Kohl June 14, 1989
  2. pp. 476-478
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  1. Document No. 68: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation between George H.W. Bush and Helmut Kohl June 15, 1989
  2. pp. 479-481
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  1. Document No. 69: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation between George H.W. Bush and Helmut Kohl June 23, 1989
  2. pp. 482-483
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  1. Document No. 70: Letter from Helmut Kohl to George H.W. Bush June 28, 1989
  2. pp. 484-487
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  1. Document No. 71: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev, François Mitterrand and Their Spouses July 4, 1989
  2. pp. 488-489
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  1. Document No. 72: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and François Mitterrand July 5, 1989
  2. pp. 490-491
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  1. Document No. 73: Address by Mikhail Gorbachev to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg July 6, 1989
  2. pp. 492-496
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  1. Document No. 74: Record of Concluding Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and François Mitterrand July 6, 1989
  2. pp. 497-498
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  1. Document No. 75: Notes of Meeting of Warsaw Treaty Member-States July 8, 1989
  2. pp. 499-502
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  1. Document No. 76: Information Note regarding George H.W. Bush’s Visit to Poland (July 9–11) July 18, 1989
  2. pp. 503-505
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  1. Document No. 77: Record of Conversation between Aleksandr Yakovlev and Jack Matlock July 20, 1989
  2. pp. 506-510
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  1. Document No. 78: Report from Rezső Nyers and Károly grósz on Negotiations with Mikhail Gorbachev July 24–25, 1989
  2. pp. 511-514
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  1. Document No. 79: Transcript of SED Politburo Sessions September 5, 1989
  2. pp. 515-516
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  1. Document No. 80: Memorandum of Conversation between Oskar Fischer and Vyacheslav Kochemassov September 7, 1989
  2. p. 517
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  1. Document No. 81: Letter from Gerd Vehres to Oskar Fischer September 10, 198971
  2. pp. 518-520
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  1. Document No. 82: Record of Conversation between Evgeny Primakov and Margaret Thatcher September 18, 1989
  2. p. 521
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  1. Document No. 83: CIA Intelligence Assessment, “Gorbachev’s Domestic Gambles and Instability in the USSR” September 1989
  2. pp. 522-524
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  1. Document No. 84: National Security Directive (NSD) 23, “United States Relations with the Soviet Union” September 22, 1989
  2. pp. 525-529
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  1. Document No. 85: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Margaret Thatcher September 23, 1989
  2. pp. 530-532
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  1. Document No. 86: Protocol No. 166 of CC CPSU Politburo Session September 28, 1989
  2. pp. 533-541
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  1. Document No. 87: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev regarding Mikhail Gorbachev’s Visit to the GDR October 5, 1989
  2. pp. 542-543
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  1. Document No. 88: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Members of the CC SED Politburo October 7, 1989
  2. pp. 544-546
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  1. Document No. 89: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev regarding German Reunification October 9, 1989
  2. p. 547
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  1. Document No. 90: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev regarding Erich Honecker October 11, 1989
  2. pp. 548-549
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  1. Document No. 91: Session of the CC CPSU Politburo, Discussion of Mikhail Gorbachev’s Talk with Mieczysław Rakowski October 12, 1989
  2. p. 550
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  1. Document No. 92: Record of Conversation between Vadim Medvedev and Kurt Hager October 13, 198976
  2. pp. 551-554
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  1. Document No. 93: Memorandum from Georgy Shakhnazarov to Mikhail Gorbachev regarding Military Détente in Europe October 14, 1989
  2. pp. 555-557
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  1. Document No. 94: Record of Telephone Conversation between George H.W. Bush and Helmut Kohl October 23, 1989
  2. pp. 558-560
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  1. Document No. 95: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Mauno Koivisto October 25, 1989
  2. pp. 561-562
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  1. Document No. 96: Record of Conversation between Aleksandr Yakovlev and Zbigniew Brzezinski October 31, 1989
  2. pp. 563-568
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  1. Document No. 97: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Egon Krenz November 1, 1989
  2. pp. 569-573
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  1. Document No. 98: Cable from U.S. Embassy in Sofia to State Department, “The Nov 10 CC Party Plenum: Little Prospect for Major Changes” November 9, 1989
  2. pp. 574-576
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  1. Document No. 99: Session of the CC CPSU Politburo November 9, 1989
  2. pp. 577-579
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  1. Document No. 100: Record of Conversation between Helmut Kohl and Lech Wałęsa November 9, 1989
  2. pp. 580-585
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  1. Document No. 101: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev regarding the Fall of the Berlin Wall November 10, 1989
  2. p. 586
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  1. Document No. 102: Record of Telephone Conversation between George H.W. Bush and Helmut Kohl November 10, 1989
  2. pp. 587-589
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  1. Document No. 103: Record of Telephone Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Helmut Kohl November 11, 1989
  2. pp. 590-592
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  1. Document No. 104: Record of Telephone Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and François Mitterrand November 14, 1989
  2. pp. 593-594
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  1. Document No. 105: Record of Telephone Conversation between George H.W. Bush and Helmut Kohl November 17, 1989
  2. pp. 595-597
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  1. Document No. 106: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Brian Mulroney November 21, 1989
  2. pp. 598-601
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  1. Document No. 107: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Tadeusz Mazowiecki November 24, 1989
  2. pp. 602-607
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  1. Document No. 108: Speech by Ladislav Adamec at CC CPCz Extraordinary Session November 24, 1989
  2. pp. 608-610
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  1. Document No. 109: Letter from Helmut Kohl to George H.W. Bush November 28, 1989
  2. pp. 611-618
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  1. Document No. 110: Soviet Transcript of the Malta Summit December 2–3, 1989
  2. pp. 619-646
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  1. Document No. 111: Memorandum of Conversation of George H.W. Bush, John Sununu, Brent Scowcroft, and Helmut Kohl December 3, 1989
  2. pp. 647-650
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  1. Document No. 112: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Petar Mladenov December 5, 1989
  2. pp. 651-652
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  1. Document No. 113: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Hans Dietrich enscher December 5, 1989
  2. pp. 653-656
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  1. Document No. 114: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and François Mitterrand December 6, 1989
  2. pp. 657-659
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  1. Document No. 115: Cable from James Baker to U.S. Embassy Sofia December 19, 1989
  2. p. 660
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  1. Document No. 116: Four Soviet Foreign Ministry Documents regarding the Situation in Romania December 20–25, 1989
  2. pp. 661-667
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  1. Document No. 118: Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev regarding german Reunification January 28, 1990
  2. pp. 673-674
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  1. Document No. 119: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and James Baker February 9, 1990
  2. pp. 675-684
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  1. Document No. 120: Letter from James Baker to Helmut Kohl February 10, 1990
  2. pp. 685-687
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  1. Document No. 121: National Intelligence Estimate 12–90, “The Future of Eastern Europe,” (Key Judgments Only) April 1990
  2. pp. 688-690
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  1. Document No. 122: Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Wojciech Jaruzelski April 13, 1990
  2. pp. 691-699
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  1. Main Actors
  2. pp. 701-705
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  1. Selected Bibliography
  2. pp. 707-711
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 713-730
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  1. Photographs
  2. pp. 731-738
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  1. back cover
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