In this Book

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In Chocolate Islands: Cocoa, Slavery, and Colonial Africa, Catherine Higgs traces the early-twentieth-century journey of the Englishman Joseph Burtt to the Portuguese colony of São Tomé and Príncipe—the chocolate islands—through Angola and Mozambique, and finally to British Southern Africa. Burtt had been hired by the chocolate firm Cadbury Brothers Limited to determine if the cocoa it was buying from the islands had been harvested by slave laborers forcibly recruited from Angola, an allegation that became one of the grand scandals of the early colonial era. Burtt spent six months on São Tomé and Príncipe and a year in Angola. His five-month march across Angola in 1906 took him from innocence and credulity to outrage and activism and ultimately helped change labor recruiting practices in colonial Africa.

This beautifully written and engaging travel narrative draws on collections in Portugal, the United Kingdom, and Africa to explore British and Portuguese attitudes toward work, slavery, race, and imperialism. In a story still familiar a century after Burtt’s sojourn, Chocolate Islands reveals the idealism, naivety, and racism that shaped attitudes toward Africa, even among those who sought to improve the conditions of its workers.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Prologue: Joseph Burtt and William Cadbury
  2. pp. 1-8
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  1. Chapter One: Cocoa Controversy
  2. pp. 9-24
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  1. Chapter Two: Chocolate Island
  2. pp. 25-55
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  1. Chapter Three: Sleeping Sickness and Slavery
  2. pp. 56-70
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  1. Chapter Four: Luanda and the Coast
  2. pp. 71-95
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  1. Chapter Five: The Slave Route
  2. pp. 96-115
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  1. Chapter Six: Mozambican Miners
  2. pp. 116-132
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  1. Chapter Seven: Cadbury, Burtt, and Portuguese Africa
  2. pp. 133-154
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  1. Epilogue: Cocoa and Slavery
  2. pp. 155-166
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  1. A Note on Currency
  2. pp. 167-168
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  1. A Note on Sources
  2. pp. 169-172
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  1. Abbreviations in the Notes
  2. pp. 173-174
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 175-210
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  1. Selected Bibliography
  2. pp. 211-224
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 225-230
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780821444221
Related ISBN
9780821420065
MARC Record
OCLC
804048993
Pages
236
Launched on MUSE
2012-10-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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