Title

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Like most products of "individual enterprise," this book could not have been published without the assistance of family, friends, colleagues, and institutions, and it is a pleasure to acknowledge . . .

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Preface to the Fordham Edition

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pp. xi-xviii

How do we measure the meaning of the Civil War, the bloodiest conflict in American history? Was it a war to emancipate the slaves? A courageous test of minority versus majority rights? A . . .

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1. Introduction

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pp. 3-15

By the time that Charles Sharpe and James McDonnell ascended the gallows outside the Carbon County Courthouse in January 1879, eight other "Molly Maguire" convicts had preceded them . . .

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2. The Industry:Speculation, Competition,and Control 1820-60

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pp. 16-42

"If ever a nation had occasion for thanksgiving," the Philadelphia Public Ledger proclaimed in November 1863, "we are that people." Despite the devastation of "a gigantic war," the paper . . .

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3. The Miners:Economic Centralization and Class Formation 1840-60

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pp. 43-69

When Philip Hone visited the coal regions in 1831, he described, with obvious pleasure, a typical Sunday in Carbondale. "The rattling of the cars, the explosion of gun powder and the clanking . . .

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4. The Region:Class, Ethnicity,and Political Allegiance1840-60

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pp. 70 -94

"What is our duty as patriotic men-as sons descended from Revolutionary ancestors?" Charles Albright asked delegates to Carbon County's Peoples Convention in July 1862. For Albright . . .

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5. Opposition to Conscription in the Coal Regions 1862-63

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pp. 95-120

During the summer of 1862 Abraham Lincoln endorsed the theory that only total war-war waged to destroy the structure of southern society-would resurrect the Union. His decision . . .

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6. Labor Organization in the Wartime Economy1862-65

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pp. 121-139

"Unless we are egregiously mistaken," Jonathan Fincher, a machinist and editor of Fincher's Trades' Review, pointed out in 1863, labor and capital "are one and inseparable." It was the capitalists . . .

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7. The Return to Order:The Provost Marshal and Organized Labor1862-65

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pp. 140-165

"I am confident," James B. Fry reported to Edwin Stanton in 1866, "that there is no class of public servants to whom the country is so indebted ... than to the District Provost Marshals." . . .

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8. Conclusion

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pp. 166-175

"I have always said ... that the great majority of laboring men in Schuylkill County, nay in all the mining districts," Charles Heckscher remarked in his farewell address as president of the . . .

Bibliography

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pp. 177-189

Index

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pp. 191-198