Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Illustrations

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p. ix

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

Over the past few years and in several places many people and institutions have helped to produce this book. Randal Johnson, Adriana Bergero, José Moya, and Elizabeth Marchant were invaluable readers during the early stages...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-17

It is 1923, and the Brazilian author Monteiro Lobato sits down to write a novel. The novel Lobato has planned is to be written “in an old-fashioned style” (219). Adopting formulas from the consecrated national writers José de Alencar and...

Part One: Writers, Film, and the New Visual Landscape of Rio de Janeiro

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pp. 19-86

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1. Documenting New Urban Experiences: The Cinematic Work of the Crônica

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pp. 21-49

Brazilian writers’ first encounter with film took place in the daily press. Between 1900 and 1910 a number of authors mentioned the arrival and dissemination of what was then called the cinematograph in journalistic essays or...

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2. Comic Visions of the New City: Writers and Film Production during the Belle Époque of Brazilian Cinema

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pp. 50-86

By the time Bilac and João do Rio were documenting their experiences of the movies, a few Brazilian writers had started to take a more active interest in the cinema, participating in the actual production of films and contributing to the period subsequently named...

Part Two: Writers, Film, and Alternative Visions of Rio de Janeiro

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p. 87

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3. Envisioning a New Political Landscape: Martin Fontes’s Anarchist Flirtation with Film

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pp. 89-124

The appearance of publications like Careta testifies to a greater politicization of Brazilian popular and mass culture at the start of the twentieth century. Politics was no longer restricted to a few men who discussed government affairs behind closed...

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4. Women, Rio’s Modernity, and Film’s Visual Pleasures: Benjamin Costallat’s Mademoiselle Cinema

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pp. 125-175

The postwar years saw a new development in Brazilian writers’ encounter with film. Authors had previously engaged with the medium in nonliterary texts, documenting the movies impact on society in journalistic works or penning...

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Conclusion: Reviving the Lettered City

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pp. 177-180

By the time Benjamin Costallat had published his scandalous novel, other writers in Brazil were drawn to film in different ways, establishing a critical dialogue with the medium to elaborate a new kind of cinematic...

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Appendix 1: “Contemporary Illness,” by Olavo Bilac

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pp. 181-184

I am writing this crônica having just returned from a long journey. I am exhausted. My back and legs ache. My eyes are sore after having seen so many things; my brain hurts after having thought about so many things...

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Appendix 2: “Cinematographer of Letters,” by João do Rio

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pp. 185-187

One film, another film, one more film . . . Dissatisfied with the first one? Onto the next one. Dissatisfied with the second? Then onto the next. There are comedies, serious films, sad films, lighthearted films, morbid films, happy...

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Appendix 3: “The Rush to Get Things Done,” by João do Rio

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pp. 188-191

Everyone around the world is suffering from an unmistakable and painful illness:—the rush to get things done. Our grandparents never rushed. On the contrary, postponing and extending events was an utmost delight for them...

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Appendix 4: “Sacrilege,” by Olavo Bilac

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pp. 192-193

People have recently discovered disadvantages to the movies. Doctors may invent few effective remedies, however, they are inventive geniuses when it comes to discovering illnesses. God almighty! Today everything is harmful...

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Appendix 5: “Screenplay for a Fantastic film— A Super Production. The Greatest Man of All Humankind The Story of the Life of Peter Kropotkin. An Epic in Three Parts” by Martins Fontes

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pp. 194-195

The sound of the Tsar Khrani is heard. Masked ball at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. Celebration of spring. Blessing of the Neva River. Midnight. Fantastic illumination over the City of the Tsars. Pomp and ceremony. The Russian Court in grand uniforms...

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Appendix 6: “Love and Cinema,” by Lima Barreto

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pp. 196-197

I have a great respect for the legal, administrative and police actions that have attempted, directly and indirectly, to civilize our society. We have seen how this worked with gambling. Its censure by our present and past laws has nevertheless not impeded the fact...

Notes

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pp. 199-207

Bibliography

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pp. 209-219

Filmography

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pp. 221-223

Index

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pp. 225-227