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Closed Commercial State, The
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Critical scholarly edition of J. G. Fichte’s Closed Commercial State. Appearing for the first time in a complete English translation, The Closed Commercial State represents the most sustained attempt of J. G. Fichte, the famed author of The Doctrine of Science, to apply idealistic philosophy to political economy. In the accompanying interpretive essay, Anthony Curtis Adler challenges the conventional scholarly view of The Closed Commercial State as a curious footnote to Fichte’s thought. The Closed Commercial State, which Fichte himself regarded as his “best, most thought-through work,” not only attests to a life-long interest in economics, but is of critical importance to his entire philosophical project. Carefully unpacking the philosophical nuances of Fichte’s argument and its complex relationship to other texts in his oeuvre, Adler argues that The Closed Commercial State presents an understanding of the nature of history, and the relation of history to politics, that differs significantly from the teleological notions of history advanced by Schelling and later Hegel. This critical scholarly edition includes a German-English glossary, annotations, and page references to both major German editions.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. p. ix
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  1. Abbreviations and Editorial Apparatus
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Translator’s Introduction
  2. pp. xiii-xx
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  1. Interpretive Essay: Fichte’s Monetary History
  2. pp. 1-71
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  1. The Closed Commercial State
  2. p. 73
  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. 75-77
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  1. Preliminary clarification of the title
  2. p. 79
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  1. Dedicatory Remarks
  2. pp. 81-86
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  1. Introduction: On the relation of the rational state to the actual state, and of pure Right of state to politics
  2. pp. 87-88
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  1. First Book: Philosophy—what is Right with respect to commerce in the rational state
  2. pp. 89-134
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  1. First Chapter: Principles for answering this question
  2. pp. 91-94
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  1. Second Chapter: General application to public commerce of the principles set forth
  2. pp. 95-108
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  1. Third Chapter: On the presupposed division of the branches of labor in a rational state
  2. pp. 109-111
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  1. Fourth Chapter: Whether the taxes paid to the state will change anything in the balance of industry
  2. pp. 113-115
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  1. Fifth Chapter: How this balance of industry is to be secured against the uncertainty of agriculture
  2. pp. 117-119
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  1. Seventh Chapter: Further discussion of the principle set forth here concerning the right to property
  2. pp. 129-134
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  1. Second Book: History of the present time— the condition of commerce in the actual states of the present
  2. pp. 135-160
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  1. First Chapter: Preamble
  2. pp. 137-138
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  1. Second Chapter: The known world considered as one great unitary commercial state
  2. pp. 139-142
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  1. Third Chapter: The reciprocal relation of the individuals in this great commercial state
  2. pp. 143-146
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  1. Fourth Chapter: The reciprocal relation of the nations as wholes in this commercial state
  2. pp. 147-151
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  1. Fifth Chapter: The means that governments have employed up till now to steer this relation to their advantage
  2. pp. 153-154
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  1. Sixth Chapter: The result of using these means
  2. pp. 155-160
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  1. First Chapter: More precise determination of the task of this book
  2. pp. 163-164
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  1. Second Chapter: The rightful claims of the citizen, as a hitherto‑free participant in world trade, on the closing commercial state
  2. pp. 165-167
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  1. Third Chapter: The claims of the state, as a self‑sufficient whole, during its complete separation from the rest of the earth
  2. pp. 169-171
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  1. Fourth Chapter: Decisive measures for achieving both the closure of the commercial state and the conditions for this closure that have just been set forth
  2. pp. 173-177
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  1. Fifth Chapter: Continuation of the preceding considerations
  2. pp. 179-182
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  1. Sixth Chapter: Further measures for the closure of the commercial state
  2. pp. 183-189
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  1. Seventh Chapter: The result of these measures
  2. pp. 191-195
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  1. Eighth Chapter: The actual reason why one will take offense at the theory we have presented
  2. pp. 197-199
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  1. Fichte’s Notes
  2. pp. 201-202
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  1. Translator’s Notes
  2. pp. 203-214
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  1. German‑English Glossary
  2. pp. 215-227
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 229-239
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