Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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p. v

Abbreviations and Name Correspondences

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Over the course of more than a decade since my discovery of Luigia Paulovich’s brush with the fascist court, I have incurred innumerable debts in bringing her story and this book to light. A summer research fellowship in 2006 and sabbatical...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-18

“By decree of the Prefect of Trieste, issued this 26th day of June 1930, the widow Paulovich’s name is restored to the Italian form Paoli.” 1 Asserting her right to maintain her husband’s family name, Luigia Barbarovich Paulovich rejected the Italian...

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1. Inculcating Italianità

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pp. 19-49

Luigia Barbarovich Paulovich’s road to Rome began with the passage of Royal Legislative Decree (RDL) no. 17 on January 10, 1926. Article 1 of the fascist surname measure designed to redeem ethnic Italians called on authorities in Trent to restore...

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2. Power and Justice

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pp. 50-71

Although it was not her intent, Luigia Barbarovich Paulovich tested the bounds of fascist success in molding new citizens and inculcating italianità in the borderland. In 1931, while the Paulovich case was winding its way through...

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3. Legislating Italianità

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pp. 72-96

In Trieste, the winter of 1929 was exceptionally harsh. The month of February was bitterly cold, with the average temperature below freezing.1 The bora, the famed east wind originating in the interior plains, swept through the city at record...

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4. The Family in Question

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pp. 97-117

Luigia Paulovich insisted that it was her duty as a widow to maintain her married surname in the form used by her husband to honor his memory and his family. This type of forbearance and spirit of sacrifice, even in the face of opposition...

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5. A Citizen Seeking Justice

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pp. 118-141

On April 6, 1931, three months after the prefect of Trieste issued the revised surname restoration decree, Luigia Paulovich filed her petition for its annulment.1 Her protest against the name restoration pertaining to her and her daughter...

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6. A Fascist Woman?

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pp. 142-170

“Justice,” wrote Gina Lombroso, “is not the triumph of equality, liberty and absolute reciprocity, but the triumph of equality before the standard agreed on, the freedom to attain a certain goal and relative reciprocity.” 1 Daughter of the famed...

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7. A Matter of Law

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pp. 171-193

Italian jurist Piero Calamandrei insisted, “He who seeks justice must believe in justice, who like all divinities, shows her face only to the faithful.” 1 Luigia Paulovich’s faith in Italian justice was rewarded. She prevailed in her bid to...

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Conclusion

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pp. 204-209

“To capture the truth of Trieste, one is tempted to speak only the names, all of the names of the people buried here in Sant’Anna. I don’t do it because I don’t have the courage. . . . ,” 1 wrote Mauro Covacich in his 2006 collection...

Notes

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pp. 211-251

Bibliography

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pp. 253-269

Index

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pp. 271-278