Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Illustrations

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pp. ix-xi

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xv

This short book charts in outline the progress of African-Americans in their quest for civil rights in the United States from 1900 to 1990. Primarily a political and social history, it is not a history of achievements on the part of African-American artists...

Part One: Before

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pp. 1-84

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1. Southern Efficiency and Northern Charm

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pp. 3-46

The story of African-Americans and their quest for civil rights in the twentieth century, the subject of this book, is a story with deep resonances. It is about nothing less than the transformation of African- American citizens' place in American...

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2. Not in the Mood

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pp. 47-84

Following the Wall Street crash of the great bull market on the New York stock exchange in autumn 1929, America entered a devastating and extended economic depression that lasted for a decade. The Great Depression was an even worse catastrophe...

Part Two: The Second American Revolution

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pp. 85-241

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3. Made Visible

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pp. 87-120

Ralph Ellison's novel Invisible Man (1952.) captured the imagination of a generation in part because it prophesied something of the metamorphosis of African-Americans who were themselves at various crossroads on their journey to full...

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4. "Black and White Together, We Shall Overcome": Martin Luther King and the Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement

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pp. 121-148

In An American Dilemma (1944) Gunnar Myrdal wrote, "Potentially the Negro church is undoubtedly a power institution. It has the Negro masses organized and, if the church bodies decided to do so, they could line the Negroes behind...

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5. A Dream beyond the New Frontier

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pp. 149-183

In his campaign for the presidency in 1960, Democratic candidate John Kennedy spoke out against the lack of equality for African-Americans whose votes he then garnered by a symbolic act of assistance. In October 1960 Martin Luther King and fifty-one other people were...

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6. Civil Rights and Black Power

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pp. 184-215

After almost a hundred years of faltering progress in civil rights, African-American protest underwent in the space of only six short years a momentous shift in emphasis from civil rights to black power. The new form of protest was characterized by a change...

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7. Chaos Is Come Again

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pp. 216-241

With the inauguration of Richard Nixon as president in 1969, the sympathy African-American rights had attracted in the Kennedy and Johnson years seemed to evaporate. Nixon's hard-hearted approach to student demonstrations and civil rights activists was designed...

Part Three: After

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pp. 243-297

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8. Political Access

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pp. 245-276

In the 1970s and 1980s the civil rights movement still had a considerable role to play in American politics—southern, northern, and federal. Many of its bases of support were the same as in the days when it first emerged to the fore in the political...

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9. The Moving Finger

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pp. 277-297

Whatever the final verdict of history on the achievements of civil rights and black power, there is little question that the civil rights and black power movements helped stimulate another renaissance of African-American stories and novels. This was partly...

Bibliography

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pp. 299-308

Index

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pp. 309-321