Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. v-vii

List of Tables

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. viii-xi

List of Figures

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xii-xiii

Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. xiv

read more

Foreword

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xv-xvi

Work on this book started in early 1990 with the initiation of the collaborative research program concerning the impact of adjustment policies in households in Tanzania between Cornell University Food and Nutrition Policy Program (CFNPP) and the Economic Research...

read more

1. Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-4

The economic development of Tanzania, from independence in 1961 until now, has been characterized by a series of internal and external shocks that have tested the resilience of the economy, the stability of its institutions, and the tolerance and inventiveness of its people. Despite the fact that Tanzania...

read more

2. Background

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 5-26

The purpose of this chapter is to describe the background against which recent developments must be examined. The first section gives a brief description of the resource characteristics of Tanzania. The next section reviews briefly the postindependence economic developments...

read more

3. Macroeconomic Policy and Performance

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 27-57

To understand the nature of current adjustment efforts in Tanzania, it is necessary to review analytically the evolution of macroeconomic and other key policies and government responses over the last two decades. There are four periods that seem to characterize economic...

read more

4. Profile of Incomes and Poverty in Tanzania

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 58-115

The most recent World Bank World Development Report (1990) ranks Tanzania as the fourth-poorest country of the world, with a 1988 per capita income of only US$ 160. Yet in 1980, at the end of a decade of shocks and economic decline, the International Labour Office...

read more

5. Performance of Agriculture

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 116-145

In order to evaluate the performance of the Tanzanian economy before and after adjustment, a correct assessment of agricultural growth is crucial given the large share of agriculture in GDP. Ever since the mid-1970s, Tanzania's agricultural sector has—according to official estimates...

read more

6. Trends in Incomes and Welfare of Various Income Groups

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 146-185

In this chapter we will integrate much of the structural analysis of the previous chapters to assess the impact of the recent stabilization and structural adjustment measures on the poor, as well as on other segments of the population. To the extent possible, we shall try to differentiate...

read more

7. Evaluation and Conclusions

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 186-191

Our analysis in the previous chapters offers several conclusions, generalizations, and hypotheses for further research that we wish to summarize in this chapter. Perhaps the first general conclusion that can be drawn from the Tanzanian experience is that in an economy...

read more

Appendix A: Computation of the Real Exchange Rate for Tanzania

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 193-195

The method used for computing the real exchange rate is a simplified version of the IMF methodology (Maciejewski 1983), as follows. First, we choose the major hard-currency countries that are the main import and export trade partners...

read more

Appendix B: Variable Shares in the Index of Real Household Incomes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 196-202

Expression (6.2) in Chapter 6 could be considered to hold quite accurately for predicting real income changes from one period t to the next t 1. However, in period t 1 price changes will induce shifts in the shares, and hence the expression...

References

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 203-209

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 211-215