Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

This book is a result of my longtime interest in the subject of African American women in the military. While serving six years on active duty in the U.S. Army, I recognized that African American women's experiences are different from those of African American men and of Euro-American women. While...

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xii

I am deeply indebted to the former members of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion for their willingness to be interviewed. They were generous with their time and in some cases shared treasured scrapbooks containing photographs, official...

Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xiv

List of Tables and Figures

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. xv

read more

1. Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-23

World War II marked a turning point in the status of racial minorities and women in the U.S. armed services. The nature of the conflict challenged existing forms of social stratification in the Army, as well as in other American institutions. Previous military restrictions placed on race were lifted as a result of the Selective Service Training Act of 1940, and African...

read more

2. A Changing Military Structure

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 24-48

As society changes, so does the military, albeit often at a different rate. Changes in social relations that began during World War II resulted in part from an advanced industrial economy as well as from the war itself. The transition from an agrarian to an industrial society was accelerated because of the need for more expedient war production. This war was more...

read more

3. Fight Our Battles and Claim Our Victories

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 49-83

In their daily effort to negotiate the world, African American women are forced to confront the indignities of either racism or sexism, and often both simultaneously. This fact is conspicuous in the experiences of African American Waacs/Wacs. As black Americans they were forced to live, eat, and often work in separate facilities, in remote areas of military installations....

read more

4. Just American Soldiers Going to Do a Job

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 84-108

Only a few occupations were available to African Americans before World War II. Although most black professionals in the 1940s were either schoolteachers or ministers, certainly African American doctors, scientists, and lawyers existed in black communities. In addition, only a small percentage...

read more

5. Serving in the European Theater of Operations, January 1945-March 1946

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 109-143

During the first few days in Europe, Adams and Campbell flew to Paris to report to Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee, the commanding general of the Communication Zone, ETO. Upon arrival in Paris they were met by Maj. Mary Weems, assistant WAC director for Headquarter Communication Zone, ETO. Later they met with Brig. Gen. Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., Headquarters...

read more

6. Life after Military Service

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 144-178

In chapters 1 and 2 I examined what civilian life was like for members of the 6888th before they entered the military. In this chapter I discuss how military service affected their lives after the unit was disbanded. Although some members of the unit remained in the active armed services after they returned to the United States, most of them immediately reentered civilian...

read more

7. Cohesion, Conflict, and Phenomenology

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 179-198

My final analysis of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion is informed by three important sociological theories: social cohesion, social conflict, and phenomenology. Social cohesion has always been of interest to military scholars because of its consequences for unit performance. Although few studies have focused on the social cohesion of support units during World War II (and...

read more

8. Epilogue

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 199-201

In April 1981 a few former members of the 6888th took a nostalgic trip back to England and France. In Birmingham they were greeted by the lord mayor, Councillor Joseph Bailey, who gave a reception in their honor. After having lunch with city officials, they were given a tour of Birmingham. Essie Woods declares, "We were treated royally. . . . They rolled out the red carpet for...

Photo Insert

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Appendix A. Interviewees

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 203-208

Appendix B. Survey of Members of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 209-216

Appendix C. Roster Containing Names, Ranks, and Serial Numbers of 742 6888th Members

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 217-229

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 231-255

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 257-263

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 265-272

Back Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF