For Every Indio Who Falls
A History of Maya Activism in Guatemala, 1960-1990
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of New Mexico Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
Twenty-two Mayas appeared in a photograph covering the front page of Guatemala's daily newspaper El Gráfico on July 30, 1978. It was a surprising image, considering the time and the place. The young people in the photo came from disparate areas of Guatemala...
1. "Two Bloods!": Defining Race and Nation
Race has been a central and problematic theme in Guatemala's vision of itself as a nation. It is a country of profound and remarkably lasting contrastslinguistic, cultural, and economicthat tend to coalesce around the racialized and opposing social categories of "indígena" and...
2. Mayas Mobilized
President Jacobo Arbenz called the agrarian reform of 1952 Guatemala's first act of justice since the conquest. The ill-fated reform law, which encouraged peasant committees to petition the national government for expropriation of fallow lands, propelled Archbishop Mariano Rossell y...
3. Envisioning the Pueblo
Local organizing like that in Santa Cruz del Quiché, Santiago Atitlán, and Huehuetenango developed throughout Guatemala. At the same time, organizing spilled over municipal and departmental boundaries, and growing numbers of community activists got...
4. Reinas Indígenas and the Authentic Maya
On May 29, 1978, hundreds of Q'eqchi' campesinos in the community of Panzós, Alta Verapaz, entered the town square to present a document to the mayor regarding land claims. In one of the first large-scale counterinsurgency assaults against Mayas, army soldiers fired into...
5. Radicalizing Violence
The army killings in Panzós in May 1978 were followed less than two years later by another galvanizing episode of violence against mostly Maya protestors: the massacre at the Spanish embassy in Guatemala City. When campesino protestors occupied the embassy to call...
6. "Pueblo against Pueblo"
Emeterio Toj Medrano of Santa Cruz del Quiché wore many hats over the course of the 1960s and 1970s: he had been an AC catechist, radio broadcaster, and someone involved in pan-Maya discussion groups since their inception. He was a CUC founder and an EGP guerrillero. ...
7. May All Rise Up?
The politics of opposition and counterinsurgency shifted in the 1980s and early 1990s as opponents of the state took their offensive underground, and in some cases, to the international level. As they did so, the gulf widened between the main guerrilla armies, joined in...
Page Count: 260
Illustrations: 23 halftones, 1 map
Publication Year: 2010
OCLC Number: 759000867
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