Defending the Master Race
Conservation, Eugenics, and the Legacy of Madison Grant
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: University of Vermont Press
Cover, Title Page, Copyright
Madison Grant: The Consensus
At the conclusion of World War II, the American Military Tribunal at Nuremberg indicted Major General Karl Brandt of the Waffen-SS for conspiracy to commit war crimes and crimes against humanity. Brandt had been Adolf...
Part 1: The Evolution of Scientific Racism
Chapter 1: Big-Game Hunter
In December of 1887, twenty-nine-year-old Theodore Roosevelt, back in his native Manhattan after a two-year stint playing cowboy in the Badlands, hosted a dinner party for ten of his closest...
Chapter 2: The Bronx Zoo
As Madison Grant hunted the ever-dwindling mammals of North America in the 1890s, he began to dream of creating a zoological park in which the continent’s endangered species could be preserved...
Chapter 3: From Conservation to Preservation
By the turn of the twentieth century, with the Bronx Zoo and the New York Aquarium firmly established as the largest and most popular institutions of their kind in the world, Madison Grant decided...
Chapter 4: Wildlife Management
At the time of its founding in 1888, and for many years thereafter, the Boone and Crockett Club stood alone as the only national organization devoted to protecting America’s big game. By the second decade...
Chapter 5: From Mammals to Man
Madison Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn were close friends and colleagues for forty years, from the formation of the New York Zoological Society in 1895 until the death of Osborn in 1935...
Chapter 6: The Eugenics Creed
One year after William Z. Ripley’s lecture at the Half- Moon Club confirmed for Madison Grant the dangers that immigration posed to the Nordic race, Grant had to face another kind of crisis. On the morning...
Part 2: Conserving the Nordics
Chapter 7: The Passing of the Great Race
Madison Grant completed the manuscript for The Passing of the Great Race in the spring of 1916 and showed it to three of his closest friends, Charles Stewart Davison, Moses Taylor Pyne...
Chapter 8: Grant's Disciples
The Passing of the Great Race appeared just before the United States entered the Great War, and hence the book was somewhat overlooked when first published. But the resumption...
Chapter 9: Creating the Refuge
In 1883, Emma Lazarus penned the famous poem embronzed at the Statue of Liberty inviting Europe to send its unwanted masses to America...
Chapter 10: Culling the Herd
And so it had been done. Just sixteen years after Israel Zangwill proclaimed America the great melting pot, America abdicated the title. The next quarter century saw fewer foreigners immigrate into the United States than had...
Chapter 11: Saving the Redwoods
In August of 1991, the California Department of Parks and Recreation received a letter from a man who had just visited Humboldt Redwoods State Park in northern California. The Humboldt redwood trees are the tallest...
Part 3: Extinction
Chapter 12: Nordic and Anti-Nordic
The lifelong hostility between Madison Grant and Franz Boas was the personification if not the core of the nature- nurture debate in the United States. Grant was the prophet of scientific racism...
Chapter 13: The Empire Crumbles
In retrospect, we can see that 1924 was the high point of scientific racism in the United States. That was the year that Congress passed the Immigration Restriction Act and the state of Virginia enacted both the Racial Integrity...
Chapter 14: The Ever-Widening Circle - The Third Reich
In his presidential address to the Eugenics Research Association in 1929, Clarence G. Campbell predicted: “The truth which a few eugenicists see so clearly today will become commonplace opinion...
Epilogue: The Passing of the Great Patrician
Madison Grant, who had been rendered increasingly infirm by arthritis and old age, died in 1937 at the age of seventy-two. “He had been through a most dreadful time,” wrote Kermit...
Appendix A: Organizations Served by Madison Grant in an Executive Capacity
Appendix B: The Interlocking Directorate of Wildlife Conservation
Appendix C: Selected Members of the Advisory Council of the ECUSA
Appendix D: Selected Members of the Interlocking Directorate of Scientific Racism
Key to Archival Collections
Page Count: 508
Publication Year: 2009
OCLC Number: 667076920
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Defending the Master Race