Marriage and Citizenship in the Ottoman Frontier Provinces of Iraq
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Syracuse University Press
Title Page, Copyright
A Note on Transliteration
This book is an examination of how the Ottoman Empire adopted and adapted the concepts of nationality and citizenship to the geopolitical exigencies of controlling its easternmost frontier provinces in Iraq during the final fifty years of its existence. Th e constraint that defined these...
1. The Historical Background of the Sunni-Shi‘ i Conflict
Th e Ottomans emerged and consolidated their empire from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries—a period when regional Muslim dynasties were the norm. In the thirteenth century, the Mongols overran Baghdad and conquered much of western Asia. In Egypt, the Mamluk...
2. The Challenge of Shi‘ i Conversion Activity to Ottoman Control of Iraq
The prohibition of marriages between Ottoman women and Iranian men was enacted against the backdrop of one of the most important geopolitical issues between the Ottoman and Iranian Empires—the conversion of the Sunni population of Iraq to Shi‘ism. Th e importance...
3. From Subjecthood to Citizenship
The Ottoman concept of citizenship developed within the framework of an “official nationalism,” which attempted to create a “willed merger of nation and dynastic empire.”1 By the 1860s, reformers began to promote the imperial ideology of Ottomanism (Osmanlılık) to try to...
4. The Impact of the Marriage Prohibition on the Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens
Inherent in the concept of citizenship as constructed by the centralizing monarchies of the nineteenth century was the notion that the citizen was a member of a community, which was concerned with the collective interests of the state. The citizen had certain compulsory...
5. Continuity and Challenges to the Marriage Prohibition During the Transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic
During the Constitutional Period (1909–1918), the ruling Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) confronted the precariousness of security on the empire’s borders, as the result of the arrival of thousands of Muslim and Jewish refugees and the outbreak of World War...
The prohibition of marriage between Ottoman women and Iranian men, enacted by law in 1874, was employed in this book as a framework and departure point to examine and analyze two larger issues of concern to scholars specializing in the history of the late Ottoman Empire...
Appendix A: Supreme Mandate (Buyruldu-ı ‘Ali)Concerning the Prohibition of Marriage with Iranians of 5 January 1822
Appendix B: Law of Ottoman Nationality of 19 January 1869
Appendix C: Law Protecting the Prohibition of Marriage Between Iranians and Ottoman Citizens of 7 October 1874
Appendix D: Draft Law Concerning the Prohibition of Marriage Between Ottoman Women and Iranian Men of 26 May 1914
Appendix E: Law Concerning the Preservation of the Prohibition of Marriage Between Iranian and Turkish Citizens of 26 April 1926
Page Count: 200
Publication Year: 2011
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