Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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About the Author

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Although primarily based in the United States, I have spent a substantial portion of my time in Britain over the past twenty years. This book benefited greatly from the time I spent there and from . . .

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Introduction

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pp. 1-21

In March 1999, British prime minister Tony Blair made a dramatic pledge to end child poverty in the next twenty years. The announcement startled the journalists, advocates, and academics he had invited . . .

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1. One in Four Children

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pp. 22-42

When Tony Blair and the Labour Party came into office in May 1997, there was mounting evidence that the position of children in Britain was growing worse. More children were living in . . .

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2. Promoting Work and Making Work Pay

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pp. 43-63

The reforms to promote work and make work pay were far-reaching and included the New Deal welfare-to-work programs, Britain’s first national minimum wage, a series of new tax credits for . . .

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3. Increasing Financial Support for Families with Children

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pp. 64-77

The British reformers made an explicit decision to focus not solely on reforms to promote work and to make work pay but also on investments of substantial resources in increasing financial support . . .

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4. Investing in Children in the Early Years

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pp. 78-90

The third leg of the British reforms was a set of investments in children. These investments were seen as essential not just in helping to reduce income poverty for children today but also in preventing . . .

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5. Investing in School-Age Children

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pp. 91-112

The third leg of the British reforms, investments in children, also included a set of reforms affecting school-age children. A major emphasis was placed on improving schools and closing gaps in . . .

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6. Ten Years Later

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pp. 113-144

How have the British antipoverty reforms affected child poverty and other measures of child well-being? And how do these results compare to those for the U.S. welfare-to-work reforms? The . . .

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7. The Next Steps for Britain

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pp. 145-165

A decade after Prime Minister Tony Blair declared war on child poverty in March 1999, ending child poverty continues to be an aspiration of the British government. What is the status of the . . .

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8. Lessons for the United States and Other Countries

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pp. 165-184

Britain’s war on child poverty is relevant not only for Britain but also for other countries that, in spite of their overall wealth, still face child poverty. This is particularly true of the United States, where, . . .

Appendices

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pp. 185-197

Notes

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pp. 199-223

References

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pp. 225-257

Index

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pp. 259-270