Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

About the Authors

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

This book is a product of the Mexican Migration Project (MMP) and thus rests upon the combined efforts of many people who have worked on it as staff members, students, and postdoctoral fellows. Although it is not possible to individually name all those who have contributed to the...

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1. Ghost in the Machine: Interventions in the Mexico-U.S. Immigration System

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pp. 1-6

If one does not understand how a complicated piece of machinery works, one should not try to fix it. Without a clear picture of how a mechanical system functions, what its basic principles are, and how its various parts interconnect to influence one another, one is unlikely to be able to restore the...

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2. Principles of Operation: Theories of International Migration

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pp. 7-23

Most citizens and public officials think they understand the mechanics of international migration, of course, or they would not advocate such bold proposals or act with such assured abandon. In the North American case particularly, the reasons for Mexican immigration...

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3. System Assembly: A History of Mexico-U.S. Migration

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pp. 24-51

In the history of international migration, that between Mexico and the United States is unique in several ways. First and foremost is the fact that it involves not just any pair of countries, but two with widely disparate standards of living that share a two-thousandmile land border. Although...

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4. System Specifications: Empirical Parameters and Constants in the U.S.-Mexican Immigration System, 1965 to 1985

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pp. 52-72

The demise of the bracero program and increasing restrictions on legal immigration after 1965 transformed a de jure system of circular migration based on the movement of legal guest workers into a de facto machinery of seasonal migration based on the recurrent movement of undocumented...

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5. A Wrench in the Works: U.S. Immigration Policies After 1986

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pp. 73-104

The year 1986 was pivotal for the political economy of North America. In that year, two events signaled the end of one era and the beginning of another: Mexico’s entry into the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and passage by the U.S. Congress of the Immigration Reform and Control...

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6. Breakdown: Failure in the Post-1986 U.S. Immigration System

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pp. 105-141

If there is one constant in U.S. border policy, it is hypocrisy. Throughout the twentieth century the United States has arranged to import Mexican workers while pretending not to. With the sole exception of the 1930s, when the Great Depression effectively extinguished U.S. labor demand, politicians...

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7. Repair Manual: U.S. Immigration Policies for a New Century

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pp. 142-164

Immigration policy is often cast as a Hobson’s choice between open and closed borders, between the free and unhindered movement of immigrants and the imposition of strict limitations on their numbers and characteristics. Public officials and citizens alike generally think about immigration using the conceptual apparatus of neoclassical economics, whether they...

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Appendix A: The Mexican Migration Project Database

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pp. 165-172

Many of the tables and figures presented in this volume are based on official statistics, mostly from the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service and the U.S. Bureau of the Census. We also draw upon data from the Mexican National Statistical Institute, the World Bank, the...

Appendix B

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pp. 173-182

References

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pp. 183-192

Index

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pp. 193-199