Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

About the Authors

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p. vii

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

THE CONCERNS of the present, historians warn, often direct our views of the past. A couple of generations ago, in the middle of the twentieth century, learned observers worried that America had become a bland, uniform, conformist mass society; the specter of the Nuremberg...

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1. Introduction: The American Variations, 1900 to 2000

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pp. 1-8

ON OCTOBER 12, 1900, as many as thirty thousand Italians paraded from Washington Square through lower Manhattan to celebrate Columbus’s landing in America.They marched under a cloud of bad news: a state assembly resolution to prohibit the hiring...

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2. How America Expanded Education and Why It Mattered

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pp. 9-22

EDUCATION IS Good Business, a 1947 film short sponsored by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, exhorted its audience to support investing more tax money into local schools. “Education is the basis of the genuine production of wealth . . . and the foundation of good...

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3. Where Americans Came From: Race, Immigration, and Ancestry

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pp. 23-56

IN SEPTEMBER 2000, Newsweek magazine set out to document “The New Face of Race” in the United States. “In every corner of America, we are redefining race as we know it,” the magazine declared. “The old labels of black and white can’t begin to capture...

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4. How Americans Lived: Families and Life Courses in Flux

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pp. 57-95

WHEN THE Census Bureau released its findings from the 2000 census, newspapers and magazines featured articles on how “the American family” was disappearing. A dwindling proportion of households contained married couples with children, and a growing proportion of households...

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5. How Americans Worked: New Workers, New Jobs, and New Differences

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pp. 96-136

EVEN THE most visionary American living in 1900 could not have foreseen how Americans worked in 2000. Everything that is too familiar for us to notice— where we work, how we get there, what the workplace looks like, how long we work, what and who we work...

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6. What Americans Had: Differences in Living Standards

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pp. 137-161

AMERICANS ARE loath to describe themselves in terms of social class. Compared to the British, for example, Americans are far less likely to say that their society is composed of “haves” and “have-nots.”1 In many respects, American culture is exceptionally egalitarian...

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7. Where Americans Lived: The Redrawing of America's Social Geography

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pp. 162-185

MANY POSTMORTEMS of both the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections explained the results by contrasting “red states” and “blue states,” or even more simply, the coasts to the heartland of America.1 One northern journalist wrote in late...

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8. How Americans Prayed: Religious Diversity and Change

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pp. 186-211

FROM THE beginning of the nation, foreign observers noted how much more devout Americans were than the European peoples from whom they had sprung.That devotion increased over the nineteenth century as higher proportions of Americans became...

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9. When Americans Disagreed: Cultural Fragmentation and Conflict

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pp. 212-239

AS THE twentieth century drew to a close, learned observers worried that Americans were splintering apart on cultural issues. Books with titles such as Culture Wars, The Disuniting of America, Postethnic America, and We’re All Multiculturalists Now described a people divided by ancestry...

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10. Conclusion: The Direction of American's Differences

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pp. 240-252

ON SEPTEMBER 1, 2005, deep in the American South, only about five hundred miles from where Italians were lynched in 1900, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays baseball team featured “Italian Heritage Night”—to be followed by Polish and Irish Heritage...

Appendix A: Combining Parametric and Nonparametric Regressions to Study How Trends Differ Among Subpopulations

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pp. 253-259

Appendix B: Income Differences or Income Ratios?

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pp. 260-261

Appendix C: Procedures and Data for the Fragmentation Analysis in Chapter 9

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pp. 262-272

Notes

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pp. 273-361

References

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pp. 363-401

Index

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pp. 403-411