Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

Contributors

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pp. vii-viii

Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-x

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-30

In examining the political consequences of government countermeasures designed to combat terrorism and the policy outcomes that change democratic institutions, processes, and values, this volume addresses two important but often-neglected questions: What are the political consequences of...

Part 1. Governance, Civil Liberties, and Securitization

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pp. 31-32

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2. Counterterrorism Regimes and the Rule of Law: The Effects of Emergency Legislation on Separation of Powers, Civil Liberties, and Other Fundamental Consitutional Norms

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pp. 33-93

In this chapter, we consider the long-term effects of post-9/11 counterterrorism policies on judiciaries and national constitutions. Our emphasis is on counterterrorism regimes in Europe and Canada, with occasional comparisons to Israel, Japan, India, and Australia. My approach is broadly...

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3. The Uses and Abuses of Terrorist Designation Lists

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pp. 94-129

Terrorist designation lists are policy instruments that identify people and organizations believed to be responsible for or supportive of terrorist acts. People and entities listed become subject to sanctions and judicial prosecution. Although terrorist designation lists predate the terrorist...

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4. Immigration Policy as Counterterrorism: The Effects of Security on Migration and Border Control in the European Union

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pp. 130-176

Although the political aims of terrorism are government concessions that will further a cause (Friedland and Merari 1985; Long 1990), its psychological effects of fear and anxiety (Crenshaw 1986) often produce unintended consequences. Ironically, the jihadist terrorist charges against Western liberal societies provoked those societies to adopt counterterrorist policy...

Part 2. National Counteterrorism Responses

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pp. 177-178

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5. The Social Contract and the Three Types of Terrorism: Democratic Society in the United Kingdom After 9/11 and 7/7

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pp. 179-212

The United Kingdom has a long history of fighting terrorism. This chapter analyzes the threat that terrorism has posed to the country, the evolution of the country’s policy to counter it, and the effectiveness of that policy in bringing terrorist suspects to justice, as well as the unforeseen...

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6. Confronting Terrorism in Northern Ireland and the Basque Country: Challenges for Democracy and Legitimacy

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pp. 213-254

This chapter analyzes the effects of specific counterterrorist policies aimed at the Basque Freedom and Homeland Organization (Euskadi ta Askatasuna, ETA) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA) on the societies in which they were implemented. Since a comprehensive examination of the...

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7. French Responses to Terrorism from the Algerian War to the Present

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pp. 255-284

France has long been on the “bleeding edge” of terrorism, confronting terrorism in all its guises from bomb-throwing anarchists to transnational networks. This chapter briefly surveys the French experience with counterterrorism over the last fifty years, chronicling the actions...

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8. Germany's Response to 9/11: The Importance of Checks and Balances

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pp. 285-334

The post-9/11 counterterrorism policies enacted in different countries display important differences. In the United States, the emergence of an international terrorist threat on an unprecedented scale has led to a great increase in the power of the executive (see, for example, Heymann...

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9. The Consequences of Counterterrorist Policies in Isreal

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pp. 335-366

Violent attacks against civilians for the purpose of terror constituted an integral part of the strategies carried out by both Jewish and Arab factions in Palestine during the years of the British Mandate, especially after 1936 (Kimmerling and Migdal 2002; Lachman 1982; Lustick 1995)...

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10. Terroroism as Conventional Security for Democracies: America, Japan, and Military Action in the Asia-Pacific

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pp. 367-398

Because of their vulnerability both to attack and to political exploitation, democracies face in terrorism a particularly double-edged threat. As other chapters in this volume note, open and liberal societies present a wide array of targets to organizations that would use the space afforded...

Index

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pp. 399-422