Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Tables

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pp. vii-viii

List of Maps

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p. ix

List of Figures

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p. ix

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiv

As a state, Maryland has rarely received wide national recognition. Tucked between the larger and historically more illustrious commonwealths of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Marylanders in general have remained content to enjoy the diversities...

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1. The Maryland Identity

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pp. 1-17

In Annapolis they stand like bronze bookends with the Maryland Capitol Building between them. Both native Marylanders, both U.S. Supreme Court Justices, and the similarities end there. From a marble chair a robed statue of Chief Justice Roger Brooke...

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2. A Maryland Political History

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pp. 18-49

Maryland began on March 25, 1634, when the Ark and the Dove, two ships of Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, anchored off St. Clement’s Island in the mouth of the Potomac River. His father, George Calvert, a knight of the realm and secretary...

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3. Contemporary Political Patterns

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pp. 50-88

Few states can match the success of Maryland’s Democratic Party from the post–Civil War era into the twenty-first century. Although the core constituencies and policy positions of both the Democratic and Republican parties have radically...

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4. Maryland Public Opinion

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pp. 89-107

In political and policy preferences, Maryland is regarded as among the most progressive states in the country. Government initiatives in environmental regulation, education, health care, abortion rights, gun control, and other programs...

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5. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Corruption

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pp. 108-133

Strong political parties, combined with multiple and diverse interest groups, help promote and maintain stable democracies because they connect citizens with the process and institutions of self-government. Maryland has both. These institutions...

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6. The Maryland Constitution

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pp. 134-151

Drafting and securing the passage of a state constitution requires considerable political acumen and timing. Constitutions not only represent the ideals and aspirations of a civil society, but also reflect the division and delicate balancing of economic...

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7. The Maryland General Assembly

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pp. 152-175

State legislatures often seem like the Rodney Dangerfield of American political institutions. In an executive-oriented age of media- and poll-driven personalities, our state assemblies typically receive public indifference or ridicule—in short, little...

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8. The Maryland Governor and the Executive Branch

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pp. 176-206

The twenty-first-century governor of Maryland possesses significant and broad executive powers, making the institutional powers of the office among the strongest of all chief executives in the nation’s fifty states.1 The governor enjoys envied budget power...

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9. The Maryland Judiciary

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pp. 207-224

Maryland’s diversity is manifested in multiple forms. The life history of Robert Mack Bell is an illustrative case. On June 17, 1960, the sixteen-year- old president of the student body at the all-black Dunbar High School in Baltimore City...

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10. The Politics of Taxation and Spending

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pp. 225-252

Self-government inevitably leads to differences of opinion over the proper role of government. There is constant debate over the appropriate revenues to fund governmental operations and how much to spend on what, where, and how...

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11. “Pleasant Living” Policies and Politics

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pp. 253-267

These critical observations, made nearly one hundred years apart by two esteemed environmentalists, reflect a deep, abiding concern for Maryland’s greatest natural resource and defining geographic feature: the Chesapeake Bay. Brooks...

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12. Maryland in the Federal System

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pp. 268-281

Maryland’s role in the federal system was destined and defined by a single significant act of the First Congress of the newly formed United States. Congressional representatives generally agreed on the importance of a central location for the seat of the new federal government...

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13. Local Governments in Maryland

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pp. 282-300

In Maryland local government the counties came first and have stayed first. St. Mary’s County, the site of initial colonization at the junction of the Potomac River and the Chesapeake Bay, was created in 1637. Ten other counties were organized in the seventeenth...

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14. Maryland’s Future

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pp. 301-313

From a political perspective twenty-first century Maryland has become a more polarized state, with Democratic and Republican candidates and parties operating in very different, separate spheres of supporters, priorities, and proposed policies...

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15. Further Reference for Maryland Study

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pp. 314-319

The study of Maryland politics and government is enriched by the existence of a substantial supply of original source documents, a wealth of official government publications and reports, informed secondary works, and a bountiful collection...

Notes

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pp. 321-361

Index

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pp. 363-380

Further Series Titles

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