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Finns in Minnesota
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summary
The first Finnish immigrants arrived in R ed Wing in 1864, the vanguard of thousands who eventually and resolutely placed Minnesota second among the states in terms of Finnish population. Today we may recognize Minnesota’s “Finnishness” in the popular sauna, in the characteristic tenacity known as sisu, or in place names and cultural markers that link to homeland. The newest contribution to the People of Minnesota series traces the Finns’ migration to the state, particularly its northeastern region; their log construction techniques, including dovetail notching; and their ethnic organizations, from religious to political to fraternal. Colorful sidebars enliven the narrative, highlighting such topics as “Finglish,” New World legends, and the 1920s Olympic competitors in track and field known as the “Flying Finns.” A separate thread tells the story of the Finland Swedes—“the minority within a minority” whose members were born in Finland but spoke Swedish and thus straddled two ethnic groups, belonging fully to neither. The book concludes with a personal narrative of Fred Torma (1888–1979), a miner and carpenter from Nashwauk, who describes establishing a Socialist hall, involvement in the 1907 Mesabi strike, and founding a cooperative boardinghouse and store. His is just one engaging example of the vibrant lives and legacy of Finnish Americans in Minnesota.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Table of Contents
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  1. Finns in Minnesota
  2. pp. 1-1
  1. Immigrant Numbers
  2. pp. 2-4
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  1. A Finnish Presence in Minnesota
  2. pp. 4-6
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  1. Early Emigration from Finland
  2. pp. 6-10
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  1. Minnesota’s First Rural Finnish Settlements
  2. pp. 10-15
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  1. A Minneapolis Finntown
  2. pp. 16-18
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  1. New York Mills and West-Central Minnesota
  2. pp. 19-22
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  1. Northeastern Minnesota
  2. pp. 22-35
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  1. Farming the Cutover
  2. pp. 35-44
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  1. Religion, Politics, and Organizations
  2. pp. 44-61
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  1. Cooperatives and the Common Good
  2. pp. 61-64
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  1. Supporting Finland During the 1930s and 1940s
  2. pp. 64-67
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  1. The Postwar Era
  2. pp. 67-76
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  1. Finland Swedes
  2. pp. 77-77
  1. Twin Cities
  2. pp. 78-79
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  1. Duluth
  2. pp. 79-80
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  1. Iron Range
  2. pp. 80-82
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  1. Lake Superior’s North Shore
  2. pp. 82-85
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  1. Rural and Agricultural Settlements
  2. pp. 85-86
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  1. Organizational Life
  2. pp. 86-91
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  1. Today
  2. pp. 91-92
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  1. Personal Account: Fred Torma (Törmä)
  2. pp. 93-95
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  1. Further Reading
  2. pp. 96-96
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 97-106
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 107-111
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  1. Illustration Source Details and Credits
  2. pp. 112-113
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 113-113
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  1. About the Author
  2. pp. 114-114
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  1. Back cover
  2. pp. 115-115
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