Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. C-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. i-vi

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xvi

A twelve-year-old indigenous girl inspired the research for this book. During my first visit to Ecuador in March 2002, I encountered her often while exploring Quito’s main tourist districts. This girl was clever, and she quickly deduced that my husband was an easy...

read more

Introduction: Unraveling Myths

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-11

Since the mid-1990s rural indigenous women and children from the central Andes have been migrating to beg and sell gum on the streets of Ecuador’s largest cities. The majority of these women and children are from the small, high-altitude community of Calhuasí, in the province of...

read more

Chapter 1: Ecuador: Economic Crisis, Poverty, and Indigenous Identities

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 12-28

In recent decades Ecuador has experienced vast change, along with an accelerated integration into the global economy. During this time the nation has been characterized by political instability, high income inequality, poverty, and massive debt. Between 1997 and 2007, seven...

read more

Chapter 2: Indigenous Childhoods: Gender, Work, Education, and Migration in the Andes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 29-49

Conditions are changing for indigenous children in Ecuador, particularly for young people in Calhuasí. These changes are being brought about for several reasons, but one of the more significant is the reconceptualization of local understandings of childhood. It is now...

read more

Chapter 3: Migrant Childhoods: Street Work and Youth Identities

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 50-73

When young Calhuaseños migrate to the city, they do so because they have few other options. Begging and selling are a means to improve their circumstances in the hopes of attaining more prosperous futures. However, in the city, conditions are difficult, as youth must contend...

read more

Chapter 4: Antibegging Rhetoric: Gendered Beggars, Child Beggars, and “Disguised” Beggars

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 74-91

Life in the city is challenging for women and children from Calhuasí. Their difficulties are compounded by media portrayals and popular misconceptions that unfairly misrepresent their life circumstances. In this chapter I explore how rhetoric pertaining to indigenous beggars informs policy and practice to exclude indigenous women...

read more

Chapter 5: Race, Space, and the City: Whitening the Streets of Quito and Guayaquil

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 92-110

On top of the harassment indigenous women and children receive on the streets, their livelihoods are increasingly under threat from punitive urban policies designed to cleanse the streets of undesirables. Under the guise of revitalization or renewal, cities around the world are reshaping urban spaces to revive city centers and attract global...

read more

Conclusion: Begging as a Path to Progress

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 111-118

Shortly before leaving Ecuador in 2003, I was sitting in my kitchen with a fourteen-year-old girl named Malena, when she posed a difficult and troubling question. We were looking at pictures and chatting about the community when she said to me, “We work like donkeys...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 119-122

References

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 123-136

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 137-146