Cover

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pp. C-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

The completion of this book has been accompanied by a considerable expenditure of sweat and tears but, fortunately, no blood. It is a pleasure after so much time to be able to thank those people who have endured my endless requests for personal and professional...

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xx

On January 17,1987, Reverend Hosea Williams of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference led a small procession of demonstrators through Forsyth County, Georgia. They were there to protest the total exclusion of black residents in a county where the Ku Klux Klan had...

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1. From Slavery to Segregation

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pp. 1-22

Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the racial attitudes of southern Jews were determined above all else by their relationship with the white Gentile majority. Anti-Semitism has never been a pervasive force in southern life. As a result, Jews secured widespread...

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2. Black Perceptions of Jews

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pp. 23-42

Shortly before 6 A.M. on December 20,1956, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. boarded a bus in downtown Montgomery, Alabama, chose a seat toward the front, and sat back to enjoy the journey. After more than twelve months, the Montgomery bus boycott was...

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3. The Resurgence of Southern Anti-Semitism

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pp. 43-68

By the early 19505, Jews appeared to have carved a comfortable niche in southern society. The years immediately after the Second World War witnessed a resurgence among American Jews. After the troubled interwar era, when institutional anti-Semitism had spread throughout the United States, Jews reestablished their patriotic...

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4. Protesting against the Protesters

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pp. 69-87

If any good can come of tragedy, it is the determination that it will never happen again or, if it should, that at least one will be prepared for it. In the early twentieth century, American Jews organized a number of agencies designed to combat the resurgent forces of anti-Semitism. Founded in 1906 by a group of wealthy German Jews, the...

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5. Jewish Merchants: Caught in the Crossfire

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pp. 88-113

Since the late nineteenth century, Jews have played a prominent role in the southern retail trade. Some of the more successful merchants appear to have achieved the American dream. Having started out as poor immigrant peddlers, they eventually established...

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6. Jewish Segregationists

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pp. 114-146

Looking back on the desegregation crisis, the white liberal journalist Pat Watters observed, "One of the sadder phenomena across the South was the figure of the lonely, fearful Jew who sought to outbigot his white neighbors, not merely a member but a leader, often, in the Citizens' Councils." Council membership lists are hard...

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7. Female Reformers

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pp. 147-168

It seemed a familiar story. On March 20,1955, members from across the country assembled in New Orleans for the twenty-first annual convention of the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW). At an unspecified point during the proceedings, a resolution was proposed, pledging support for the immediate integration of public...

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8. The Rabbis

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pp. 169-216

In January 1956, delegates from across the southeastern states assembled in Birmingham, Alabama, for a regional meeting of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations. The keynote address was delivered by Rabbi Roland Gittelsohn of Boston. As he stood before the assembled audience, Gittelsohn issued a "powerful and...

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Conclusion

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pp. 217-220

By the early 19705, the relationship between African Americans and Jews in the South had changed. For the first time, that relationship was shaped by national rather than sectional concerns. Three factors explain this transformation....

Notes

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pp. 221-268

Bibliography

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pp. 269-294

Index

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pp. 295-307