Cover

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pp. C-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

By the time I started pursuing my interest in wilderness and wildlife in the early 1990s, I understood that the diversity of the world is part of the wonder of God. So this book was a collaborative process between God and me. She...

Abbreviations

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pp. xi-xii

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Introduction

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pp. xiii-xx

People are damaging the earth that sustains us and millions of other species at a greater rate than nature can replenish it. Visible evidence abounds; but some of the most alarming indicators are invisible to the average person: these...

Part One. Setting the Stage

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Chapter 1: History of the Endangered Species Act

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pp. 3-19

The endangered species act of 1973 (ESA) makes a strong, unequivocal statement of national policy on species protection [ jj 153 l(b)]: "to provide a means whereby the ecosystems upon which endangered species and threatened...

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Chapter 2: The Endangered Species Act Today

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pp. 20-28

After two decades of change through congressional amendments and judicial decisions, the Endangered Species Act of 1973 has remained unauthorized since October 1992. This is the longest it has languished since its...

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Chapter 3: The Importance of Biodiversity

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pp. 29-44

The word biodiversity, the shortened form of biological diversity, was introduced by Dr. Thomas Lovejoy at the first Forum on Biodiversity in September 1986. Biodiversity is a descriptive word and one that is relatively easy to...

Part Two. Characters

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Chapter 4: Protagonists and the Environmental Argument

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pp. 47-60

Now that the stage is set, it is time to meet the characters of the endangered species drama. The protagonists—the people fighting for a strengthened ESA—are led by environmental and conservation organizations that...

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Chapter 5: Antagonists and the Private Property Rights Argument

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pp. 61-74

Private property rights advocates lead the movement to stop ESA intrusion into the plans and decisions of private landowners. Societal reaction to the Endangered Species Act and other environmental protection statutes that demand...

Part Three. Conflict

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Chapter 6: In the Halls of Congress

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pp. 77-102

The political environment has not been friendly to the ESA since it lapsed in October 1992. The Democratic 102nd Congress (1991- 92), aware of political forces desiring to weaken the law, avoided bringing reauthorization to the floor. Authorizations...

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Chapter 7: Presidential Power

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pp. 103-111

Presidential politics have significantly influenced the implementation of the Endangered Species Act. Presidential attitudes toward the ESA have varied from one administration to the next and have often confounded the...

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Chapter 8: The Bureaucratic Contribution

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pp. 112-129

The first Fish and Wildlife Service director to have Endangered Species Act enforcement responsibilities was Lynn Greenwalt. He summarized the challenge he and his successors have faced: balancing the statute's power to disrupt...

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Chapter 9: Species Economics

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pp. 130-148

NO discussion of environmental policy would be complete without looking at the economic factors. The economics of endangered species is a complex topic. Some claim the ESA has put thousands of people out of jobs in...

Part Four. Resolution

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Chapter 10: Ecosystem Management

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pp. 151-169

In 1987, the Office of Technology Assessment estimated that at least twenty-eight federal laws address the maintenance of biodiversity in some form. These authorities are enforced by a multitude of federal agencies with little or no interagency...

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Chapter 11: Antidote

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pp. 170-190

From small and homely species to large and majestic ones, from tropical rain forests to desert scrublands to Arctic tundra, all life forms and ecosystems have bearing on the survival of the earth and therefore on the survival of...

References

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pp. 191-200

Index

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pp. 201-211