Cover

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Title Page/Copyright

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pp. iii-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Participants

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pp. vii-viii

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Introduction: Christian and Muslim Perspectives

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pp. ix-x

This volume is a record of the fifth annual Building Bridges seminar of Christian and Muslim scholars, convened by the Archbishop of Canterbury at Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., in March 2006. In keeping with the pattern of earlier seminars, a theme of enduring and contemporary...

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PART I: SCRIPTURAL FOUNDATIONS

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pp. 1-2

For Christians and Muslims alike, justice is a concept and a vocation grounded in their scripturally shaped understanding of who God is and what his purposes are for humanity. In their respective overviews of the Qur’nic and the Biblical teachings, Mohammad Hashim Kamali...

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Chapter 1. The Ruler and the Ruled in Islam: A Brief Analysis of the Sources

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pp. 3-14

In addressing this subject, I refer first to two Qur’nic verses on the rights and duties of the uli’l-amr (those in charge of affairs).1 The passage in question, known as the yt al-umar’ (the rulers’ verse) occurs in sra al-Nis’.2 Qur’n commentators have spoken in detail about the...

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Chapter 2. Biblical Perspectives on Divine Justice and Political Authority

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pp. 15-20

“Justice” is one of the root concepts of scripture, and so, as with most root systems, it is complex and multibranched. Justice is first of all a defining characteristic of Israel’s God, and further, it is a divine gift that enters into our world through the human agents of God. Further yet, justice is a...

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Chapter 3. Scriptural Texts

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pp. 21-44

This is the last of many psalms associated with the royal house of David, which cluster in the first half of the Psalter; an appended verse reads, “Here end the prayers of David son of Jesse” (20).11 The psalm shows what might...

Notes to Part I

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pp. 45-48

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PART II. EVOLVING TRADITIONS

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pp. 49-50

What were the pressures that generated the continuing development of Muslim and Christian reflection on justice and rights? As the following presentations by Vincent Cornell and John Langan...

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Chapter 4. Religious Orthodoxy and Religious Rights in Medieval Islam: A Reality Check on the Road to Religious Toleration

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pp. 51-62

According to several historical sources, this urgent plea was sent in 1058 CE by the ‘Abbsid caliph al-Q’im bi-Amrillah to the Turkish warlord Tughril Beg (d. 1063), the founder of the Seljuq dynasty of sultans....

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Chapter 5. Une Foi, Une Loi, Un Roi: Political Authority and Religious Freedom in the West, from Constantine to Jefferson

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pp. 63-72

The period from Constantine to Jefferson is complex and rich; within the limits of this essay, the challenge is to find some key, a focus to enable us to order our perceptions of this vast, contentious, and immensely important block of time, which includes...

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Chapter 6. Traditional Texts

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pp. 73-101

The origins of the Donatist schism lay in controversy over Christian leaders who had collaborated with secular authorities during the persecution of the church; some of the more rigorist believers condemned these as traditores who had lost their spiritual authority and separated...

Notes to Part II

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pp. 101-107

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PART III. THE MODERN WORLD

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pp. 108-109

Although its roots can be traced further back in both religious and secular thinking, it is in the twentieth century that the discourse of human rights comes to dominate the way that justice is understood in many human societies and globally. Among the human rights generally...

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Chapter 7. Human Rights and the Freedom of Religion

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pp. 110-117

I approach this topic as an international lawyer interested and involved in the protection of religious freedom by and through the means and mechanisms of international law, and particularly through the means and mechanisms of international human rights law. My central point here is that...

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Chapter 8. Modern Texts

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pp. 118-163

The Barmen declaration can be seen as a direct response to one distorted pattern of political implementation of Luther’s “two kingdoms” doctrine—that led by the party of the German Christians, headed by Bishop Ludwig Müller. In opposition to his subordination of church to state, the resistance...

Notes to Part III

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pp. 163-175

Index

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pp. 176-182