The Struggle in Black and Brown
African American and Mexican American Relations during the Civil Rights Era
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Series: Justice and Social Inquiry
Abbreviations Used in the Text
In October 1967 a large group of Mexican American and African American activists met in Albuquerque, New Mexico for the annual conference of the Alianza Federal de Pueblos Libres. Called together...
1. Not Similar Enough: Mexican American and African American Civil Rights Struggles in the 1940s
On July 6, 1948, University of Texas professor George I. Sánchez penned a letter to Thurgood Marshall, special counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People...
2. The Movement in the Mirror: Civil Rights and the Causes of Black-Brown Disunity in Texas
Shortly after the U.S. Supreme Court declared segregated schools illegal in Brown v. Board of Education, local and state government in Texas began examining ways to prolong separate education...
3. Complicating the Beloved Community: The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and the National Farm Workers Association
Elizabeth Sutherland Martínez had chosen her dress just for the occasion—it was red and black to match the flag of the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA). Martínez had traveled from New York City...
4. The Neighborhood Adult Participation Project: Black-Brown Strife in the War on Poverty in Los Angeles
On a warm September afternoon in 1966, a crowd of nearly fifty Mexican Americans carrying picket signs marched along 42nd Avenue and Avalon in South Central Los Angeles outside of the old Wrigley Field ballpark...
5. “Mexican versus Negro Approaches” to the War on Poverty: Black-Brown Competition and the Office of Economic Opportunity in Texas
As early as 1965, the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), the agency charged with fighting President Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty, employed affirmative action to preempt criticism of racial bias or exclusion...
6. Cesar and Martin, March ’68
In early 1968 the philosophy of nonviolence was sinking beneath a tidal wave of bloodshed and death. The previous summer, rioting had erupted in major urban centers across the United States...
7. Black, Brown, and Poor: Civil Rights and the Making of the Chicano Movement
Early in the morning of May 15, 1968, Gloria Arellanes boarded a chartered Greyhound bus in South Central Los Angeles, ready to make the nearly three-thousand-mile journey to Washington dc. The nineteen-year-old Arellanes...
8. Brown-Eyed Soul: Popular Music and Cultural Politics in Los Angeles
In May of 1970 the East Los Angeles–based band El Chicano hit number 28 on the Billboard Top 100 pop music chart with their song “Viva Tirado.” Exhibiting El Chicano’s eclectic mix of rock and jazz...
9. Raising a Neighborhood: Informal Networks between African American and Mexican American Women in South Central Los Angeles
In the fall of 1978 Elena Santiago, her husband Antonio, and their daughter and son decided to leave their hometown in Mexico to make the arduous journey north to the United States. The family did not know...
10. A New Day in Babylon: African American and Mexican American Relations at the Dawn of the Millennium
On February 10, 2007, Barack Obama announced his candidacy for president of the United States in front of the state capitol in Springfield, Illinois. In 1858 Abraham Lincoln used this same site to deliver his historic...