Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Contents

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p. vii

List of Illustrations

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p. viii

Maps

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p. ix

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Preface

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pp. xi-xvi

This study is based on fieldwork and archival research conducted between 2003 and 2007. The seeds for this work were planted during a previous research project that I conducted in 2000, when I investigated the current significance...

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Acknowledgments / Maps

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pp. xvii-xxiii

For the accomplishment of this work I am deeply indebted to many people. To begin with, I wish to thank all the Mi’kmaw men, women, and children who welcomed me into their communities and homes both during...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-17

A couple of days after my arrival in Nova Scotia in early August of 2003, I attended the powwow,1 or Mawio’mi2 in the Mi’kmaw3 language, organized by the Millbrook band.4 Part of my decision to begin my research in...

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1. The Mi’kmaq: Socio-Geographic Context and Historical Background

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pp. 19-42

This study was mainly conducted among the populations of the Millbrook and Indian Brook reserves, belonging respectively to the Millbrook and Indian Brook First Nations or bands, located in central Nova Scotia...

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2. Tracing the Boundaries: Community, Social Relationships, and Mi’kmaw Identity

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pp. 43-100

Willow Street is a two-lane road running north-south from downtown Truro. It once functioned as the main artery connecting central Nova Scotia to the city of Halifax and to the western shore of the province. In its last part Willow Street...

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3. Back to the Future, Ahead to the Past? Mi’kmaw Perceptions of Tradition

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pp. 101-134

What is Mi’kmaw tradition? “It is Native spirituality, traditional spirituality.” “It is the Mi’kmaw, and only Mi’kmaw, ceremonies.” “It is a mixture of imported elements from other Native...

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4. The Way of the Pipe: Native Spirituality and Mi’kmaw Identity

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pp. 135-182

The following two chapters explore one of the most significant sources and realms of identity construction and management among most Mi’kmaq in the reserves of Nova Scotia: spiritual belief. This chapter...

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5. The Way of the Cross: The Catholic Church and Mi’kmaw Identity

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pp. 183-238

These statements, like those on Mi’kmaw tradition at the beginning of chapter 3, exemplify the wide spectrum of opinions and sentiments that the Mi’kmaw people express about the Catholic Church. Most Mi’kmaq have ideas...

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6. Annie Mae Aquash: A Renewed Source of Mi’kmaw Identity and Pride

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pp. 239-263

In June 2004, the body of Annie Mae Pictou Aquash, a Mi’kmaw woman and radical activist, was brought from the Pine Ridge Lakota reservation in South Dakota back to her community of birth, the Indian Brook...

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Conclusion

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pp. 265-273

Mi’kmaw identity is a contested issue in the reserves of mainland Nova Scotia. These statements, which represent some of the innumerable points of view that I encountered among the Mi’kmaq, illustrate clearly...

Notes

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pp. 275-314

References

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pp. 315-335

Index

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pp. 337-350