Youth, Reeducation, and Reconstruction after the Second World War
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: Wayne State University Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
This project has been long in the making and I have many, both institutions and individuals, to thank for its completion: they are, doubtlessly, responsible for its felicities, while its shortcomings are entirely my own doing...
Introduction: Youth, Memory, and Guilt in Early Postwar Germany
Adolf Hitler made his last public appearance on his fifty-sixth birthday, 20 April 1945, just ten days before he was to die. The Führer’s birthday had traditionally occasioned a prominent pageant of his personal life, parades as well as parties...
1. Hitler’s Youth? The Nazi “Revolution” as Youth Uprising
In investigating Vergangenheitsbewältigung in the early postwar period, it is perhaps most productive to start with the most obvious: the 1945–49 trials at Nuremberg, which provided the most focused and famous forum for exploring...
2. The Jugendproblem (Youth Problem): Youth and Reeducation in the Early Postwar Public Sphere
On 22 January 1946 Pastor Martin Niemöller, a former inmate of Sachsenhausen and Dachau, gave a guest sermon in the Neustädter church in Erlangen, entitled harmlessly, perhaps deceptively so, “Lecture without a...
3. Germany’s Youthful “Catastrophe”: Guilt and Modernity in the Early Postwar Period
In a society that was broken literally and metaphorically by the Nazis and their terror state, then by the ravages of war and bombing, and finally by land invasion and occupation, there reigned a great many shortages: shortages of food and coal and housing...
4. Modernity’s Better Others: Youth in Jaspers’s Postwar University and Wiechert’s Reconstructive Agenda
In an essay on Ernst Wiechert that appeared in the Deutsche Rundschau in April 1948, Herbert Stegemann begins with what is, for the postwar period, the best-known aspect of the author’s career: Wiechert’s celebrated resistance to the Nazi...
5. Children of the Rubble: Youth, Pedagogy, and Politics in Early DEFA Films
In the 1920s the German film industry was among the most successful in the world; in fact, Germany was probably the last nation whose industry could seriously compete with Hollywood’s products in the world market until...
6. Reconstructing Film in the Western Zones: Stars of Youthful Sexuality
After the war, the Allies did not permit German feature film production for almost a year, a period that came to be known in the once-vibrant industry as the Filmpause. During the Filmpause, many German filmmakers and film industry executives...
Conclusion: Mobilizing Youth for the Cold War
The star vehicle films And the Heavens Above, Ways into Twilight, and The Last Illusion echo the kind of discourse about youth that I elaborated in the introduction. In my introduction to youth and reeducation in the early postwar public...