In this Book

Political Theologies
summary
What has happened to religion in its present manifestations? In recent years, Enlightenment secularization, as it appeared in the global spread of political structures that relegate the sacred to a private sphere, seems suddenly to have foundered. Unexpectedly, it has discovered its own parochialism-has discovered, indeed, that secularization may never have taken place at all.With the return of the religious,in all aspects of contemporary social, political, and religious life, the question of political theology-of the relation between politicaland religiousdomains-takes on new meaning and new urgency. In this groundbreaking book, distinguished scholars from many disciplines-philosophy, political theory, anthropology, classics, and religious studies-seek to take the full measure of this question in today's world. This book begins with the place of the gods in the Greek polis, then moves through Augustine's two cities and early modern religious debates, to classic statements about political theology by such thinkers as Walter Benjamin and Carl Schmitt. Essays also consider the centrality of tolerance to liberal democracy, the recent French controversy over wearing the Muslim headscarf, and Bush's God talk.The volume includes a historic discussion between Jrgen Habermas and Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, now Pope Benedict XVI, concerningthe prepolitical moral foundations of a republic, and it concludes with explorations of new, more open ways of conceptualizing society.

Table of Contents

  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xiv
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  1. Introduction: Before, Around, and Beyond the Theologico-Political
  2. pp. 1-88
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  1. Part I: What Are Political Theologies?
  2. pp. 89-90
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  1. The Gods of Politics in Early Greek Cities
  2. pp. 91-101
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  1. Church, State, Resistance
  2. pp. 102-112
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  1. Politics and Finitude: The Temporal Status of Augustine’s Civitas Permixta
  2. pp. 113-121
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  1. The Scandal of Religion: Luther and Public Speech in the Reformation
  2. pp. 122-136
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  1. On the Names of God
  2. pp. 137-147
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  1. The Permanence of the Theologico-Political?
  2. pp. 148-187
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  1. Violence in the State of Exception: Reflections on Theologico-Political Motifs in Benjamin and Schmitt
  2. pp. 188-200
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  1. Critique, Coercion, and Sacred Life in Benjamin’s ‘‘Critique of Violence’’
  2. pp. 201-219
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  1. From Rosenzweig to Levinas
  2. pp. 220-231
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  1. Levinas, Spinoza, and the Theologico-Political Meaning of Scripture
  2. pp. 232-248
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  1. Part II: Beyond Tolerance: Pluralism and Agonistic Reason
  2. pp. 249-250
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  1. On the Relations Between the Secular Liberal State and Religion
  2. pp. 251-260
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  1. Prepolitical Moral Foundations of a Free Republic
  2. pp. 261-268
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  1. Bush’s God Talk
  2. pp. 269-277
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  1. Pluralism and Faith
  2. pp. 278-297
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  1. Subjects of Tolerance: Why We Are Civilized and They Are the Barbarians
  2. pp. 298-317
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  1. Religion, Liberal Democracy, and Citizenship
  2. pp. 318-326
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  1. Toleration Without Tolerance: Enlightenment and the Image of Reason
  2. pp. 327-340
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  1. Saint John: The Miracle of Secular Reason
  2. pp. 341-362
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  1. Part III: Democratic Republicanism, Secularism, and Beyond
  2. pp. 363-364
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  1. Reinhabiting Civil Disobedience
  2. pp. 365-381
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  1. Rogue Democracy and the Hidden God
  2. pp. 382-400
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  1. Intimate Publicities: Retreating the Theologico-Political in the Chávez Regime?
  2. pp. 401-426
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  1. The Figure of the Abducted Woman: The Citizen as Sexed
  2. pp. 427-443
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  1. How to Recognize a Muslim When You See One: Western Secularism and the Politics of Conversion
  2. pp. 444-474
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  1. Laïcité, or the Politics of Republican Secularism
  2. pp. 475-493
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  1. Trying to Understand French Secularism
  2. pp. 494-526
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  1. Pim Fortuyn, Theo van Gogh, and thePolitics of Tolerance in the Netherlands
  2. pp. 527-538
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  1. Can a Minority Retain Its Identity in Law?: The 2005 Multatuli Lecture
  2. pp. 539-556
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  1. Prophetic Justice in a Home Haunted by Strangers: Transgressive Solidarity and Trauma in the Work of an Israeli Rabbis’ Group
  2. pp. 557-588
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  1. Part IV: Opening Societies and the Rights of the Human
  2. pp. 589-590
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  1. Mysticism and the Foundation of the Open Society: Bergsonian Politics
  2. pp. 591-601
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  1. The Agency of Assemblages and the North American Blackout
  2. pp. 602-616
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  1. Automatic Theologies: Surrealism and the Politics of Equality
  2. pp. 617-632
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  1. Theoscopy: Transparency, Omnipotence, and Modernity
  2. pp. 633-651
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  1. Come On, Humans, One More Effort if You Want to Be Post-Christians!
  2. pp. 652-670
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  1. The Right Not to Use Rights: Human Rights and the Structure of Judgments
  2. pp. 671-690
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 691-696
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 697-796
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