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The Commodification of Academic Research
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summary
Selling science has become a common practice in contemporary universities. This commodification of academia pervades many aspects of higher education, including research, teaching, and administration. As such, it raises significant philosophical, political, and moral challenges. This volume offers the first book-length analysis of this disturbing trend from a philosophical perspective and presents views by scholars of philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, and research ethics. The epistemic and moral responsibilities of universities, whether for-profit or nonprofit, are examined from several philosophical standpoints. The contributors discuss the pertinent epistemological and methodological questions, the sociopolitical issues of the organization of science, the tensions between commodified practices and the ideal of “science for the public good,” and the role of governmental regulation and personal ethical behavior. In order to counter coercive and corruptive influences of academic commodification, the contributors consider alternatives to commodified research and offer practical recommendations for establishing appropriate research standards, methodologies and institutional arrangements, and a corresponding normative ethos.

Table of Contents

  1. Front Cover
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  1. Front Flap
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  1. Copyright
  2. p. iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Preface
  2. p. vii
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  1. 1. The Commodification of Academic Research
  2. pp. 1-23
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  1. 2. The Commercialization of Academic Culture and the Future of the University
  2. pp. 24-43
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  1. 3. Knowledge Transfer from Academia to Industry through Patenting and Licensing: Rhetoric and Reality
  2. pp. 44-64
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  1. 4. Financial Interests and the Norms of Academic Science
  2. pp. 65-89
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  1. 5. One-Shot Science
  2. pp. 90-109
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  1. 6. The Business of Drug Research: A Mixed Blessing
  2. pp. 110-131
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  1. 7. The Commodification of Knowledge Exchange: Governing the Circulation of Biological Data
  2. pp. 132-157
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  1. 8. Research under Pressure: Methodological Features of Commercialized Science
  2. pp. 158-186
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  1. 9. Robert Merton, Intellectual Property, and Open Science: A Sociological History for Our Times
  2. pp. 187-230
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  1. 10. Mertonian Values, Scientific Norms, and the Commodification of Academic Research
  2. pp. 231-258
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  1. 11. Coercion, Corruption, and Politics in the Commodification of Academic Science
  2. pp. 259-276
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  1. 12. Capitalism and Knowledge: The University between Commodification and Entrepreneurship
  2. pp. 277-306
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  1. 13. Viable Alternatives for Commercialized Science: The Case of Humanistics
  2. pp. 307-336
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 337-340
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 341-350
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  1. Back Flap
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  1. Back Cover
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