Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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p. vii

Tables

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pp. ix-x

Figures

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p. xi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xv

The list of people who have supported this project since its journey began is extensive, and assembling these acknowledgments has been both humbling and heartwarming for me. It also reminded me that this book on institutions...

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1. Introduction: On Power

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pp. 1-25

Only four blocks separate the main buildings of Peru’s national legislature, the Congreso de la República, from the seat of presidential power, the Palacio de Pizarro. If it were not for the noise and bustle of downtown Lima, these institutions...

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2. Beyond Formal Rules and Institutions: Theorizing Executive and Legislative Powers

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pp. 26-42

Hecha la ley, hecha la trampa.” This maxim is ubiquitous throughout the Ibero-American world, and its meaning goes beyond literal translation. At its most benign, it suggests that “every rule has a loophole.” It also insinuates...

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3. Constitutions and Constitutionalism in Peru,1985–2006

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pp. 43-91

Not the rules themselves, but rather adherence to the rules: that is what Nicolás de Pierola seemed to be lamenting. And ironically, the president’s quip rings true precisely for the commanding heights of state power. Since the promulgation...

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4. Party Organizations and Electoral Movements in Peru, 1985– 2006

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pp. 92-154

In this chapter I analyze the precipitous decline and then modest rise of political party organizations in Peru. Notwithstanding their troubled historical legacy, political parties in Peru showed promise in the 1980s.2 Personalistic, ad hoc electoral movements...

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5. Echo Chamber? The Decline and Rise of Peru’s Legislature,1985– 2006

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pp. 155-207

In earlier chapters, I traced the decline of constitutionalism and the disintegration of political parties in Peru from the 1980s to the 1990s. The net result of these two processes was, as I demonstrate in this chapter, a tremendous concentration...

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6. Institutionalism and Presidential Power in Latin America

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pp. 208-232

What explains the variations in, and fluctuations of, presidential power in Latin American countries? And how should we study formal organizations and institutions in settings that might be characterized as informally or weakly...

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7. Conclusion: On Balance

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pp. 233-254

In the long sweep of its history as a republic, the cadence of Peru’s political “conversation”—the exchanges among elite political actors operating within formal institutions—has not settled into the staid, predictable speech patterns...

Data Appendix

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pp. 255-258

Notes

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pp. 259-278

References

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pp. 279-308

Interviews Conducted by the Author

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pp. 309-313

Index

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pp. 314-340