Domesticating a Religious Import
The Jesuits and the Inculturation of the Catholic Church in Zimbabwe, 1879-1980
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Fordham University Press
Title Page, Copyright
This project began with the crisis of trying to find a job. During my senior year at Georgetown University, I happened across a pamphlet advertising volunteer teaching positions with the Catholic Ancillary Teachers of Rural Zimbabwe (Catoruzi). The pamphlet noted that...
A ChiShona proverb says that success has many mothers, but failure is an orphan. To the extent that this study is in any way successful, I must express my gratitude to the many mothers (and fathers) who helped to give it life. At the same time, I alone take responsibility for any and all of its failings....
Catholic theologians in the last fifty years have developed the term inculturation to discuss the old problem of adapting the church universal to specific local cultures. The theologians conceive of inculturation as a dialogue between Christianity (the church) and culture.1 The concept...
1 A Failed Mission, Contesting Colonial Rule, and Ecclesiastical Developments
Two Bantu language–speaking groups, the VaShona people (ChiShona speakers), who entered the southern African region as early as the ninth century CE and established the state known as Great Zimbabwe by the thirteenth century, and the AmaNdebele people (IsiNdebele...
2 ‘‘The Struggle Approximated to the Heroic’’: African Catholic Women Becoming Nunsin Colonial Zimbabwe, 1922–1965
In August 1965, the community of the Little Children of our Blessed Lady (or LCBL Sisters) at Hwedza asked Sister Rocha Mushonga to accompany Sister Ancilla, their delegate to the congregation’s first general chapter, as a secretary. ‘‘That’s how I got trapped,’’ Mushonga recalled....
3 ‘‘The Most Important Work on the Mission’’: The Seminary of Saints John Fisherand Thomas More, 1919–1979
On September 30, 1974, the students of the Regional Major Seminary at Chishawasha went on strike. The Rhodesian Catholic Bishops Conference’s Secretary General specified the dismissal of Deacon Ernest Mukuwapasi as the cause of the strike, but several seminary staff members...
4 A ‘‘Do-Nothing’’ Organization? The Catholic Association, 1934–1974
The Catholic Association (called variously the Catholic African Congress, the African Catholic Congress, and the Catholic African Association) was the first organized lay movement in the Catholic Church in colonial Zimbabwe. While African laymen founded the organization,...
5 Until Death Do Us Part? African Marriage Practices and the Catholic Church, 1890–1979
For most of the colonial period, the Catholic Church’s hierarchy in Southern Rhodesia presumed the superiority of Western Christian marriage and made no efforts to integrate African and Western Christian marriage practices, showing more concern with regularizing canonically...
6 ‘‘Thou Shalt Not Take My Name in Vain’’: The Mwari Controversy, 1911–1961
Fr. Ignatius Chidavaenzi and his colleagues on an interdenominational team preparing a more recent and more accurate translation of the Bible into ChiShona presented a theological explanation for the meaning of the name Mwari.1 Claiming that of all the ChiShona names for...
7 Bread and Wine, Beer and Meat: The Kurova Guva Controversy
VaShona cultural practices of honoring the spirits of the dead, or kurova guva, were initially banned by Catholic missionaries shortly after their arrival in Southern Rhodesia in the early 1890s. An important ritual, however, it persisted clandestinely on mission farms throughout...
In 1962, the Southern Rhodesian Catholic bishops appointed a commission to investigate the mission of the Catholic Association and its relationship to other Catholic organizations in the colony.1 The organization had petitioned the bishops to delete the word ‘‘African’’ from its...
Page Count: 280
Publication Year: 2011
OCLC Number: 726826638
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