Jean-Luc Marion, Saturated Phenomena, and Hermeneutics
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: Fordham University Press
Title Page, Copyright
List of Abbreviations
I am very grateful to Bishop Peter Connors and the priests and people of the Ballarat Diocese, whose generosity and support made possible the doctoral studies during which the initial version of this work was written. I express my appreciation to Ignace Verhack, who was my doctoral supervisor;...
Jean-Luc Marion first came to the attention of English-speaking readers with the appearance of God without Being in 1991, almost ten years after its French publication. In this work, Marion tries to develop a way of thinking about God that is not subject to the accusations of onto-theology...
1 Marion's Claims
In Reduction and Givenness, Marion argues that both Husserl and Heidegger retain limits and conditions for phenomena by conceiving of them as constituted objects (Husserl) or in terms of being (Heidegger). According to Marion, these limits exclude or distort phenomena, especially those...
2 The Hermeneutic Structure of Phenomenality
One of the recurring questions addressed to Marion concerns the role of hermeneutics in his phenomenology of givenness. Most recently, Richard Kearney has joined philosophers such as Jean Greisch and Jean Grondin in arguing ‘‘that appearing—no matter how iconic or saturated it may...
3 The Theory of Saturated Phenomena
Marion’s claims about givenness and the self of the phenomenon culminate in his new category of ‘‘saturated’’ phenomena. According to Marion, some phenomena give more intuition than is needed to fill a subject’s intention. Such phenomena are ‘‘saturated’’ with intention, and...
In Kant’s table of categories, the categories of quantity form the first division. Correspondingly, saturation according to quantity is the first type of saturation studied by Marion. The phenomena that he proposes as paradigm- forming for this type of saturation are events. However, Marion’s discussion...
5 Dazzling Idols and Paintings
The second division in Kant’s table of categories is quality, or intensive magnitude. Marion describes phenomena which are saturated according to quality as dazzling (éblouissant). The intensity of the intuition given by them exceeds our capacity to see and prevents us from perceiving them...
6 Flesh as Absolute
The third division in Kant’s table of categories is relation. According to Kant, there are three possible types of relation between phenomena: inherence (between substance and accident), causality (between cause and effect), and community (between several substances). Marion adds to...
7 The Face as Irregardable Icon
The fourth kind of saturated phenomenon proposed by Marion is the phenomenon that is saturated according to modality. These phenomena are ‘‘irregardable’’1—they have an irreducible invisibility which prevents them from being looked at as objects. He proposes three figures of this...
8 Revelation: The Phenomenon of God’s Appearing
Having considered each mode of saturation individually, Marion concludes his taxonomy of saturated phenomena by introducing a phenomenon that is saturated in all four divisions of Kant’s table of categories. This final instance of saturation is the phenomenon of ‘‘revelation,’’1 which...
Conclusion: Revising the Phenomenology of Givenness
Marion’s phenomenology of givenness emphatically focuses phenomenology on phenomena themselves—as they give themselves. He carefully exposes how various phenomenological approaches entail limits and conditions on phenomena, and demonstrates the failings of theories that...
Page Count: 256
Publication Year: 2009
OCLC Number: 733997385
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Interpreting Excess