In this Book

Captured
summary
More than five thousand American civilian men, women, and children living in the Philippines during World War II were confined to internment camps following Japan's late December 1941 victories in Manila. Captured tells the story of daily life in five different camps--the crowded housing, mounting familial and international tensions, heavy labor, and increasingly severe malnourishment that made the internees' rescue a race with starvation. Frances B. Cogan explores the events behind this nearly four-year captivity, explaining how and why this little-known internment occurred. A thorough historical account, the book addresses several controversial issues about the internment, including Japanese intentions toward their prisoners and the U.S. State Department's role in allowing the presence of American civilians in the Philippines during wartime.

Supported by diaries, memoirs, war crimes transcripts, Japanese soldiers' accounts, medical data, and many other sources, Captured presents a detailed and moving chronicle of the internees' efforts to survive. Cogan compares living conditions within the internment camps with life in POW camps and with the living conditions of Japanese soldiers late in the war. An afterword discusses the experiences of internment survivors after the war, combining medical and legal statistics with personal anecdotes to create a testament to the thousands of Americans whose captivity haunted them long after the war ended.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-xi
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-8
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  1. 1. Pearl of the Orient: Manila and the Prewar Philippines
  2. pp. 9-32
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  1. 2. First Dark Days
  2. pp. 33-62
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  1. 3. Meanwhile, on Several Islands Not Far Away
  2. pp. 63-107
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  1. 4. Inside the Gate: The Nature of the Japanese Administration of the Civilian Internment Camps
  2. pp. 108-146
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  1. 5. The Japanese Soldier's Ration: Food and Health in Civilian Internment Camps
  2. pp. 147-176
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  1. 6. Hunger Time: April 1943–February 1945
  2. pp. 177-206
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  1. 7. A Roof over Their Heads: Shelter in Civilian Internment Camps
  2. pp. 207-224
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  1. 8. Idle Hands Are the Devil's Playground: Work in the Camps
  2. pp. 225-259
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  1. 9. Angels and Tanks: Rescue Comes
  2. pp. 260-310
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 311-318
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  1. Appendix
  2. pp. 319-320
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  1. A Note on Sources
  2. pp. 321-332
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 333-335
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 337-346
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 347-357
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