Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

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p. ix

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

We hope that the topics treated in this book will provide guidance for students interested in the analysis and resolution of violent conflicts. The recent election of President Barack Obama and the increased popularity of Peace and Conflict Studies...

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Chapter 1: The Confluence of Violence: From Analysis to Resolution

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pp. 1-14

As professionals in Peace and Conflict Studies (PACS), we seek to understand the dynamics of violence and some of its major themes as well as violence intervention and prevention approaches prevalent in the PACS field. PACS training often focuses on settling...

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Chapter 2: The Violence Prism: Framing a Typology of Theories of Violence

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pp. 15-44

Violence is a complex phenomenon rooted in the interaction of many factors, so it is important to use an ecological framework to understand the complex interplay of personal, situational, socioeconomic, political, psychocultural, and historical factors...

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Chapter 3: Violence Unveiled: Causes and Varieties of Youth Violence and Strategies for Intervention

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pp. 45-74

Biological, physical, and hormonal changes impact young people in various ways that ultimately also relate to violence potential. These changes affect sexual motivation, which in turn relates to capacities for either physical or structural violence...

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Chapter 4: Understanding and Preventing Violence against Women and Interpersonal Violence in the Home

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pp. 75-99

Violence too often is viewed as a legitimate way of solving problems. The media creates public narratives that frame problems and solutions so that some violence is legitimized if it is placed in an acceptable narrative form that is good or evil...

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Chapter 5: Understanding and Preventing Hate Crimes in Communities: Xenophobia, Homelessness, Racism, Soccer Hooliganism, Anti-GLBT, and Neo-Fascist Violence

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pp. 100-120

Hate crimes can be characterized as violence against a person who is seen as a member of an out-group toward which there is some measure of socially approved hostility (Gerstenfeld and Grant 2003). Hate crimes might also be referred...

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Chapter 6: Understanding and Preventing Corporate Violence and Abusive Behavior in the Workplace

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pp. 121-137

This chapter focuses on violence by corporations and violence in the workplace. Our global ecology is devastated daily by a myriad of environmental problems caused by multinational corporations. Even as China develops into a formidable...

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Chapter 7: Ethnopolitical Conflict: Causes, Intervention, and Prevention

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pp. 138-165

Ted Robert Gurr (1993) argues that the analysis of intergroup and ethnopolitical conflicts considers the role of relative deprivation and group mobilization as well as primordialist, constructionist, and instrumentalist interpretations of ethnicity...

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Chapter 8: War: Causes, Intervention, and Prevention

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pp. 166-193

The philosophy of political realism stems from an understanding that human nature is, as Thomas Hobbes (1904, 84) said, “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short.” Realism was a theoretical school that arose in reaction to the horrors...

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Chapter 9: Peace and Conflict Studies: Nonviolence, Social Justice, Human Rights, and Social Change

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pp. 194-217

Over the past several decades, influential thinkers from a variety of disciplines have more or less explicitly challenged the relationship between knowledge and power. In 1942 Carl Rogers developed the idea of client-centered...

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Chapter 10: The Violence Prism: Building Cultures of Peace to Make a Difference

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pp. 218-225

This book suggests that in order to build a culture of peace, we need to know the underlying causes of the various forms and ecologies of violence if we are to deconstruct violence and forge appropriate intervention and prevention...

References

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pp. 227-264

Index

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pp. 265-274