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State and Evolution

Russia's Search for a Free Market

E. T. Gaidar

Publication Year: 2011

“What was the revolution of the 1990s for Russia?” writes Yegor Gaidar, the first post-Soviet prime minister of Russia and one of the principal architects of its historic transformation to a market economy. “Was it a hard but salutary road toward the creation of a workable democracy with workable markets, a way for Russia to develop and survive in the twenty-first century? Or was it the prologue to another closed, stultified regime marching to the music of old myths and anthems?”

Published by: University of Washington Press


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Title Page, Copyright

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p. v

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Preface to the English-Language Edition

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pp. vii-xv

The book here presented to the English-speaking reader was written in the fall of 1994—that is, before Boris Yeltsin’s reelection to a second term, before the 1997 attempts to accelerate reforms, before the 1998 financial crisis, before the grand rise and fall of the Russian...

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1. Two Civilizations

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pp. 3-23

The sound and fury of 1987–91 has subsided, and we now realize that reducing the historic collision of forces in Russia to “a basic confrontation between capitalism and socialism” is hardly an adequate description of what took place during those years. At the time, the main...

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2. A Catch-up Civilization

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pp. 24-43

“Catch-up” is a word that may be applicable to Russian civilization, but not to Russian culture. European culture, especially since the late nineteenth century, has been tremendously and fruitfully influenced by Russia’s great literature, theater...

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3. The Three Sources and Three Components of Bolshevism

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pp. 44-58

Bolshevism became a serious historical phenomenon on 28 June 1914, when in the city of Sarajevo a man named Gavrilo Princip (who was no Bolshevik at all, who in fact belonged to nationalist group called Mlada Bosna) assassinated the Archduke Ferdinand...

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4. Property, the Nomenklatura, and Nomenklatura Property

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pp. 59-82

A complete history of the relationship between the soviet nomenklatura and the Soviet nomenklatura state, the history of their torturous conflicts and the eventual alienation of the former from the latter has yet to be written. But for the moment we can posit at least...

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5. Primitive Capital Accumulation

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pp. 83-105

Today, we can draw some preliminary conclusions about the social and economic changes of recent years. If we were to try to reduce these changes to a single formula, we might say it was simply a swap: power for private property...

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6. The Choice

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pp. 106-118

Today, our nation faces a choice. this is the one thing we all seem to agree on, and indeed our opponents seem to be the ones making the most noise about it. The choice comes down to this: which of all our competing strategies will keep us from devolving into...


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pp. 119-130


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pp. 131-133


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pp. 135-139

E-ISBN-13: 9780295801230
E-ISBN-10: 0295801239
Print-ISBN-13: 9780295983493
Print-ISBN-10: 0295983493

Publication Year: 2011

OCLC Number: 777771780
MUSE Marc Record: Download for State and Evolution

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Subject Headings

  • Russia (Federation) -- Politics and government -- 1991-.
  • Russia -- Economic policy.
  • Russia (Federation) -- Economic policy -- 1991-.
  • Soviet Union -- Economic policy.
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