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A History of Fascism, 1914–1945
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“A History of Fascism is an invaluable sourcebook, offering a rare combination of detailed information and thoughtful analysis. It is a masterpiece of comparative history, for the comparisons enhance our understanding of each part of the whole. The term ‘fascist,’ used so freely these days as a pejorative epithet that has nearly lost its meaning, is precisely defined, carefully applied and skillfully explained. The analysis effectively restores the dimension of evil.”—Susan Zuccotti, The Nation

“A magisterial, wholly accessible, engaging study. . . . Payne defines fascism as a form of ultranationalism espousing a myth of national rebirth and marked by extreme elitism, mobilization of the masses, exaltation of hierarchy and subordination, oppression of women and an embrace of violence and war as virtues.”—Publishers Weekly

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Illustrations
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Tables
  2. p. xi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Introduction: Fascism: A Working Definition
  2. pp. 3-19
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  1. Part I: History
  2. pp. 21-437
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  1. 1. The Cultural Transformation of the Fin de siècle
  2. pp. 23-34
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  1. 2. Radical and Authoritarian Nationalism in Late Nineteenth-Century Europe
  2. pp. 35-70
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  1. 3. The Impact of World War I
  2. pp. 71-79
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  1. 4. The Rise of Italian Fascism, 1919–1929
  2. pp. 80-128
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  1. 5. The Growth of Nonfascist Authoritarianism in Southern and Eastern Europe, 1919–1929
  2. pp. 129-146
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  1. 6. German National Socialism
  2. pp. 147-211
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  1. 7. The Transformation of Italian Fascism, 1929–1939
  2. pp. 212-244
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  1. 8. Four Major Variants of Fascism
  2. pp. 245-289
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  1. 9. The Minor Movements
  2. pp. 290-327
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  1. 10. Fascism Outside Europe?
  2. pp. 328-354
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  1. 11. World War II: Climax and Destruction of Fascism
  2. pp. 355-437
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  1. Part II: Interpretation
  2. pp. 439-495
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  1. 12. Interpretations of Fascism
  2. pp. 441-461
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  1. 13. Generic Fascism?
  2. pp. 462-470
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  1. 14. Fascism and Modernization
  2. pp. 471-486
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  1. 15. Elements of a Retrodictive Theory of Fascism
  2. pp. 487-495
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  1. Epilogue: Neofascism: A Fascism in Our Future?
  2. pp. 496-520
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 523-577
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 579-613
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