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Imprisoned Apart

The World War II Correspondence of an Issei Couple

Louis Fiset

Publication Year: 1998

Scholar Iwao Matsushita was interned as an enemy alien at Fort Missoula in Montana, his wife Hanaye at the Minidoka Relocation Center in southwestern Idaho. Their letters tell a poignant story of ignominy and despair.

Published by: University of Washington Press


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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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p. vii

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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pp. xi-xiii

I FIRST "MET" Iwao Matsushita some fifteen years ago when I read his papers-mostly letters and documents from the World War II era - in the University of Washington archives. Impressed by their richness and the humanity they displayed I used excerpts from them in my book...

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pp. xv-xvi

SEVERAL INDIVIDUALS PROVIDED essential assistance throughout this six-year project. Professor Roger Daniels originally intended to publish a collection of Matsushita's wartime correspondence but graciously stepped aside to allow me to take on a project...

Part One: The American Experience

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pp. 1-97

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1. Establishing Roots

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pp. 3-26

ON A DRIZZLY LATE summer morning in 1919, the passenger freighter S.S. Suwa Maru nudged its hull against the pilings of a familiar berth at the Great Northern Railway pier in Seatde's Elliott Bay, bringing a collection of people and cargo from Asia. The ship, one of four Britishbuilt...

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2. Listening to the Sound of Shoes

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pp. 27-38

MATSUSHITA HAD LONG AGO abandoned his plan to return to Japan to teach English language and literature. Because there was no actual need now to enroll at the University of Washington, he sought other employment. The job market...

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3. Incarceration

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pp. 39-52

As EARLY AS DECEMBER 1939, the Immigration and Naturalization station at Ellis Island, New York, was used to detain nearly seventeen hundred seamen from Axis countries who had been trapped in neutral waters or in neutral ports at the outbreak of the war in Europe...

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4. Stone Fever

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pp. 53-80

By MID-JANUARY 1942 , just a month after their arrival at Fort Missoula, the Issei had created a well-organized and functioning community. A profitable laundry operation under their supervision served the entire camp population, benefiting the Italians and...

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5. Fields under Snow

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pp. 81-97

IWAO AND HANAYE MATSUSHITA were reunited at the Minidoka Relocation Center on the afternoon of January 11, 1944, following his overnight train journey south from Missoula to nearby Twin Falls. Their many prayers were finally answered...

Part Two: Wartime Correspondence

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6. Censored

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pp. 101-112

THE ACCOUNT OF Iwao and Hanaye Matsushita presented thus far has been assembled from family sources and Matsushita's personal papers. Their contemporaries are either no longer alive or able to share their knowledge of them...

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7. The Letters

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pp. 113-268

Dear Wife, We are very comfortable here at the Immigration station. Thank you for $10-& a package which I was notified last night, but not received yet.b I expect to get it today...


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pp. 269-284


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pp. 285-286


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pp. 287-292

Photo Credits

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pp. 293-294


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pp. 295-299

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780295801360
E-ISBN-10: 029580310X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780295976457
Print-ISBN-10: 0295976454

Publication Year: 1998

OCLC Number: 768123156
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Imprisoned Apart

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.
  • Matsushita, Hanaye, 1898 or 9-1965.
  • Japanese Americans -- Correspondence.
  • Matsushita, Iwao, 1892-1979.
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