In this Book

summary

In the 1960s and 1970s, El Salvador’s reigning military regime instituted a series of reforms that sought to modernize the country and undermine ideological radicalism, the most ambitious of which was an education initiative. It was multifaceted, but its most controversial component was the use of televisions in classrooms. Launched in 1968 and lasting until the eve of civil war in the late 1970s, the reform resulted in students receiving instruction through programs broadcast from the capital city of San Salvador. The Salvadoran teachers’ union opposed the content and the method of the reform and launched two massive strikes. The military regime answered with repressive violence, further alienating educators and pushing many of them into guerrilla fronts.

In this thoughtful collaborative study, the authors examine the processes by which education reform became entwined in debates over theories of modernization and the politics of anticommunism. Further analysis examines how the movement pushed the country into the type of brutal infighting that was taking place throughout the third world as the U.S. and U.S.S.R. struggled to impose their political philosophies on developing countries.

Table of Contents

  1. Front Cover
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Illustrations
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Tables
  2. pp. viii-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Abbreviations
  2. pp. xiii-xv
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-28
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  1. 1: A Fight Within the Right: Rivaling Visions of Modernization
  2. pp. 29-70
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  1. 2: Modernizing Reform and Anticommunist Repression: The First PCN Administration, 1961–1967
  2. pp. 71-102
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  1. 3: “A Monitor Instead of a Teacher”: The Origins of the 1968 Education Reform and How Television Became Its Centerpiece
  2. pp. 103-136
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  1. 4: “A Feverish Laboratory”: The Education Reform of 1968
  2. pp. 137-182
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  1. 5: Modernization Projects and Authoritarian Practices in the 1970s
  2. pp. 183-226
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  1. 6: “The Most Thoroughly Studied Educational Technology Project in the World”
  2. pp. 227-252
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  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 253-269
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 271-312
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 313-331
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 333-341
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  1. Further Reading, Back Cover
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780826350824
Related ISBN
9780826350817
MARC Record
OCLC
784959330
Pages
236
Launched on MUSE
2012-04-16
Language
English
Open Access
No
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