THE CREATION OF A FEDERAL PARTNERSHIP

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THE CREATION OF A FEDERAL PARTNERSHIP

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CONTENTS

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p. v

TABLES

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pp. vii-viii

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. ix-x

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1: INTRODUCTION

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pp. 1-9

“Affordable housing” and “workforce housing” are terms identified with housing for low- and moderate-income working people—people who are working, fall above the poverty line, yet cannot afford to buy or rent decent housing in areas near a supply of jobs. The working poor are the service providers of our nation, the teachers, nurses, firefighters, police officers, restaurant servers, and coffee-shop...

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2: THE DEVOLUTION OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING POLICY AND THE EVOLUTION OF A FEDERAL-STATE HOUSING PARTNERSHIP

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pp. 11-48

Before 1981, the federal government had primary responsibility for developing and funding policies and programs designed to help low- income households who were not well served by the housing marketplace. The federal government worked in partnership with local governments through local housing authorities to determine what criteria would be used to determine who would be served and where...

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3: STATE HOUSING AGENCIES: The Link between State and Nation

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pp. 49-74

Since the 1980s, the federal government has become less responsive to many of the nation’s social problems for many reasons, high budget deficits being a leading cause. Affordable housing was only one of many policy areas in which the federal government stopped taking the lead in policymaking; others included health care, welfare, and the environment. New policy ideas in these areas originated in the states during the...

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4: STATE HOUSING AGENCIES IN MARYLAND, MINNESOTA, AND TEXAS

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pp. 75-100

The “resurgence of the states” during the 1960s and 1970s occurred because states rewrote their constitutions, professionalized their legislatures, and strengthened the powers of their governors. States also began creating state-level bureaucracies to develop and implement new social programs.1 Minnesota, Maryland, and Texas were chosen as case studies to better understand the role these bureaucracies played after...

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5: STATE HOUSING AGENCIES’ POLICIES AND PROGRAMS

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pp. 101-131

Following the devolution of housing policy, state housing officials began to look differently at their role as state policymakers and at how they used both federal and state resources in their programs. The cooperative partnership approach was reflected in policy statements made in public documents, such as the federally required Consolidated Plans. Federal programs and state legislatures required state housing...

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6: COMPARISONS

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pp. 133-163

The federal partnership that developed following affordable housing policy devolution was in sync with the general public’s view of government. According to opinion polls, most citizens believe state and local governments do a better job than the national government in spending money and delivering services.1 While a shortage of affordable housing would seem to be the same problem everywhere, in reality each...

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7: CONCLUSIONS

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pp. 165-182

A Texas official noted in an interview that the need for affordable housing in that state was so great no single level of government could do it all. The same can be said of the nationwide need for affordable housing. The first section of this chapter takes a look at the affordable housing problems in the 2000s, including the mortgage crisis that began in 2006. The chapter then looks at two new federal programs...

NOTES

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pp. 183-210

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 211-231

INDEX

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pp. 233-239