Cover

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Introduction: Billy Graham’s New South

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pp. 1-12

In June 2005, an elderly Billy Graham returned to New York City, five decades after a foundational moment in his evangelistic career, when he had led a crusade that stretched on for four months in that most secular of American locales. This time, stricken with prostate cancer and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease...

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1. "No Segregation at the Altar"

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pp. 13-38

Billy Graham entered the 1950s as a nationally known evangelist who was also an identifiable southerner and a Christian fundamentalist. The following decade saw a struggle—sometimes public, often unstated—between his singular position as an evangelist and the other, seemingly more expendable, labels. ...

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2. Evangelical Universalism in the Post-Brown South

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pp. 39-63

The brand of regional leadership Graham adopted required that he convincingly differentiate himself from leading figures on the southern right. One such person was W. A. Criswell, his pastor at First Baptist Church in Dallas. In February 1956, the firebrand Criswell delivered a well-publicized address to a joint session of the South Carolina...

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3. The Politics of Decency

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pp. 64-88

By the close of 1957, Graham had positioned himself in the middle ground between the segregationist right and the integrationist left—that is, somewhere between his nominal pastor, W. A. Criswell, and another Baptist and southerner, Martin Luther King, Jr. ...

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4. "Another Kind of March"

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pp. 89-123

By 1960, Billy Graham’s racial moderation had made him useful, in differing ways, to both Dwight Eisenhower and Martin Luther King, Jr. When the civil rights movement reached a climax during the mid-1960s, President Lyndon Johnson similarly viewed the evangelist as a mediating presence in the South. ...

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5. Billy Graham’s Southern Strategy [Includes Image Plates]

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pp. 124-154

Billy Graham’s optimism about the South in the aftermath of landmark civil rights legislation did not extend to the rest of the nation. His concerns about the increasing social and racial chaos in America ultimately dovetailed with the electoral prospects of Richard Nixon. ...

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6. Crusading for the Sunbelt South

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pp. 155-181

While Graham abetted the southern strategy, the southerners he most identified with attempted to project an altogether different image. That image was never as removed from the region’s Jim Crow past, nor as separated from the specter of racial politics, as either Graham or many of his southern crusade supporters preferred to believe. ...

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7. "Before the Water Gate"

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pp. 182-199

Despite tensions in Atlanta and elsewhere, the main domestic issue that dogged Graham by 1973 was not race but the Nixon administration’s Watergate crisis. While the Sunbelt image gained appeal, the president who had done so much to facilitate that image eventually resigned and left office in disgrace. ...

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Epilogue: Billy Graham and American Conservatism

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pp. 200-220

By the early 1980s, Billy Graham had safely entered his third and final stage as an American public figure. The evangelist had begun his career as a fundamentalist, a phase that lasted only as long as he remained a sociopolitical outsider—a firebrand novelty or a sawdusted throwback. ...

Notes

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pp. 221-293

Archival and Manuscript Sources

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pp. 295-296

Index

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pp. 297-301

Acknowledgments

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pp. 303-304