Front Matter

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-14

In the spring of 1821, on the outskirts of that rising metropolis of the West, Buffalo, New York, an unfortunate Seneca Indian, as the story goes, ‘‘fell into a state of languishment and died.’’ In some ways his death was unremarkable. He was not famous; indeed, we have no record of his name. Unlike the fictional last Mohican whom the novelist James Fenimore Cooper...

Part I. Dominion

read more

1. Colonial Crucible and Post-Revolutionary Predicament

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 19-49

When the Seneca man Tommy Jemmy approached Kauquatau’s house about three miles from the white settlement of Buffalo, New York, in early May 1821, he came as an angel of death. Did Kauquatau know her executioner, and did she apprehend the nature of his mission? Did she willingly accompany him to the nearby field where she would die? Newspapers would...

Part II. Spirit

read more

2. Handsome Lake and the Seneca Great Awakening: Revelation and Transformation

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 53-80

‘‘The winter of 1799–1800 was in western New York long called the time of the Great Revival.’’ So wrote the historian of American religion Whitney R. Cross as he considered the onset of the Second Great Awakening. Cross’s landmark study of the nineteenth-century rise of enthusiastic religion, new prophets, and new sects expanded historians’ vision of the awakening...

read more

3. Patriarchy and the Witch-Hunting of Handsome Lake

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 81-114

The novelties of Seneca witchcraft were largely invisible to white observers. They paid little heed when witchcraft accusations flew about the Genesee River frontier of Mary Jemison following the American Revolution, or even when Cornplanter ordered the execution of a witch in the summer of 1799. But by the time that Tommy Jemmy slew Kauquatau in 1821, the white public...

Part III. Mastery

read more

4. Friendly Mission: The Holy Conversation of Quakers and Senecas

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 117-147

In the summer of 1798 Quaker missionaries first arrived among the Senecas. They looked forward, hopeful about the future, but that beginning had a significant past. The Quakers knew that Senecas had been possessed by unprecedented dangers in the post-Revolutionary years. And they were on hand when Handsome Lake, through his prophecies and programs...

read more

5. From Longhouse to Farmhouse: Quakers and the Transformation of Seneca Rural Life

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 148-178

Seneca women and men faced difficult choices as they remade themselves and their economic lives. But such decisions—and the dilemmas they confronted— were not entirely specific to them as Native people. Senecas shared some of the problems other poor and middling Americans encountered as new markets, new commercial relations, new systems of manufacturing, new...

read more

6. Seneca Repossessed, 1818–1826

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 179-220

Augustus Fox, a western New York entrepreneur and sometime impresario, had occasion to write a young English Quaker women, Elizabeth Fothergill, in August 1819. We will hear more about both soon, because they played important roles in the early career of the notorious Tommy Jemmy, before his execution of the alleged witch Kauquatau in 1821. Fothergill cared deeply...

read more

Conclusion

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 221-225

In 1903 in Buffalo, when volume 6 of the Publications of the Buffalo Historical Society first appeared, thoughts of death must have loomed over that western New York metropolis. Just two years earlier in their fair city—perhaps as the Historical Society’s editors prepared their volume on the Niagara Frontier, the Genesee Country, and ‘‘the pathos of a vanished folk,’’ that is, the...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 227-300

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 301-310

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 311-313

Fitzgerald was surely right that the past pulls on us, like the current we fight as we push upstream. If only historical research and writing were as easy as riding with the stream into the past. Instead, the historian’s task is often to row out against an incoming tide, and then in again after the tide has shifted—the journey into the past through research is matched by the perils...