Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

Some books are a joy to read. They are filled with information that is fascinating and informative. They entice you with their style, and before you know it you are into the text wholeheartedly and passionately. There is no logical explanation except that you are intrigued ...

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

In 1867 the Ohio legislature laid the foundation for a twenty-year experiment in moral treatment psychiatry at Athens, a small village in the rural southeastern corner of the state. Built to American psychiatry’s nineteenth-century gold standard, the Kirkbride ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xiv

This is the first book published on the history of the Athens Lunatic Asylum. Until now, people seeking to learn about the asylum had to search in a variety of works scattered in many places. The general difficulty of gaining a coherent picture of especially the ...

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Chapter One: The Moral Treatment Experiment

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pp. 1-24

On a spring day in 1865, Dr. William Parker Johnson returned home to Athens, Ohio, from the Civil War. He had been mustered out from Camp Dennison in Columbus, Ohio. Three weeks earlier, General Robert E. Lee had surrendered the ...

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Chapter Two: Patients

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pp. 25-62

On a cold day in the middle of winter, a little girl from Athens County became the Athens Lunatic Asylum’s first patient. Her older brother accompanied her as, likely traveling by horse and wagon, they drove down the earthen road from town, across the Hockhocking River, and then up the great hill to ...

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Chapter Three: Architecture

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pp. 63-104

The brick masons paused in their work. It was time to change positions on the muddy site, where walls three bricks thick were rising off their stone foundations, nearly reaching the height of the bottom of the first-floor windows. It was April 1868, and the stone- and brickwork of the cellars and basement was complete ...

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Chapter Four: Politics

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pp. 105-124

The State of Ohio’s nineteenth-century commitment to free care for its citizens with mental illness resulted in a public investment in Athens to bricks and mortar, staff, families and patients, improvements, land acquisition, infrastructure, oversight, and research. Spending $621,000 in 1868 dollars1 on a building embodying ...

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Chapter Five: Landscape

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pp. 125-143

The landscape of the Athens Lunatic Asylum was a product of climate change, the religious and psychological significance attributed by Native Americans to the site, careful planning by German-born Cincinnati landscape designer Herman Haerlin, the life work of groundsman and landscaper George Link, the asylum’s trustees and superintendents, Ohio’s ...

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Chapter Six: Caregivers

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pp. 144-164

Chief Cook Elizabeth McCole walked through the empty kitchen on a Thursday night in 1887 checking the supplies she and her staff of five women would need for Friday morning. This was her thirteenth year of service at the asylum in Athens, having begun work there as a cook the year it opened. It was a big ...

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Epilogue

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pp. 165-192

In the summer of 1894, asylum superintendents from all over America convened for their fiftieth annual meeting. They gathered in Philadelphia, where half a century earlier the American moral treatment experiment in psychiatry had begun with Dr. Thomas Kirkbride’s work at the Pennsylvania State Hospital. At ...

Notes

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pp. 193-208

Bibliography

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pp. 209-214

Index

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pp. 215-220